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01.03.2015 | Thematic Issue | Ausgabe 6/2015

Environmental Earth Sciences 6/2015

A comprehensive analysis of groundwater resources using GIS and multicriteria tools (Caldas da Cavaca, Central Portugal): environmental issues

Zeitschrift:
Environmental Earth Sciences > Ausgabe 6/2015
Autoren:
J. Teixeira, H. I. Chaminé, J. Espinha Marques, J. M. Carvalho, A. J. S. C. Pereira, M. R. Carvalho, P. E. Fonseca, A. Pérez-Alberti, F. Rocha

Abstract

Hard-rock watersheds are essentially confined to fractured and weathered horizons, but they are a source of valuable water resources at a regional level, namely for domestic, industrial and agricultural purposes, and public supply. They commonly exhibit complex geological bedrock and morphological features as well as distinctive gradients in rainfall and temperature. Hydromineral and geothermal resources have relevant economic value both for the bottled water/thermal spas industry and for energy supply. A comprehensive evaluation and integrated groundwater resources study has been carried out for the Caldas da Cavaca hydromineral system in Central Portugal, using hydrogeomorphology and GIS mapping techniques. Thematic maps were organised from a geodatabase comprising several layers, namely lithology, tectonic lineaments density, slope, drainage density, rainfall, net groundwater recharge and water quality. Normalised weights were assigned to all these categories according to their relative importance to groundwater potential, based on their effectiveness factors. Hydrogeochemistry, natural radioactivity and intrinsic vulnerability assessment (GOD-S, DRASTIC-Fm, SINTACS, SI indexes) issues were also cross-checked. Based on all the compiled information, a hydrogeomorphological map was produced. This multidisciplinary approach highlights the importance of hydrogeomorphological mapping as a tool to support hydrological conceptualisation, contributing to groundwater decision-making process in different stages, like water resources management and territory planning, and thus, to environmental sustainability.

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