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The online version of this article (https://doi.org/10.1007/s11205-017-1790-2) contains supplementary material, which is available to authorized users.
Population and development have a mutual relationship, and more to the point, lack of sufficient knowledge on population development and fertility can lead to the presentation of inappropriate population plans in such a way that they may turn out to be useless and ineffective even in the event of implementation. So, the present study aimed to delve into the feasibility of implementing the new governmental policies on increasing birth rate with an emphasis on the socioeconomic status in Kermanshah Metropolis, Iran. To evaluate poverty and fertility in Kermanshah Metropolis, the present cross-sectional study used the latest statistics obtained from the Statistical Center of Iran (2011), and as for the data analysis, such tests in Arc/GIS and SPSS 20 software. The results of the present study showed that the spatial patterns of poverty and fertility were formed in clusters across the city, and the results of variance analysis of the relationship between the variables of fertility and poverty demonstrated that there was a significant difference between the selected neighborhoods in terms of the variables of poverty and total fertility (P < 0.001). Furthermore, the spatial autocorrelations of fertility and poverty in Kermanshah were positive and showed that the spatial means and standard distances of poverty and fertility were overlapping. Not all districts and urban neighborhoods were equal in the total fertility rate. So, given the societal classes’ different socioeconomic and cultural status across different neighborhoods, the government’s new approaches to increasing birthrate cannot be applied to all classes throughout Kermanshah Metropolis.
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- A Feasibility Study of Implementing the Policies on Increasing Birth Rate with an Emphasis on Socio-economic Status: A Case Study of Kermanshah Metropolis, Western Iran
S. Ramin Ghasemi
- Springer Netherlands
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