Recently, Tittmann et al. introduced the
subgraph component polynomial
and showed that its power for distinguishing graphs is quite different from the power of other graph polynomials that appear in the literature such as the matching polynomial, the Tutte polynomial, the characteristic polynomial, the chromatic polynomial, etc. The subgraph component polynomial enumerates vertex induced subgraphs in a given undirected graph with respect to the number of components. We show the use of the subgraph component polynomial to count the number of primitive partial words of a given length over an alphabet of a fixed size, which leads to a method for enumerating such partial words.