Climate change and finite fossil fuel resources make it urgent to turn into electricity generation from mostly renewable energies. One major part will play wind-energy supplied by wind-turbines of rated power up to 10 MW. For their design and development wind field models have to be used. The standard models are based on the empirical spectra, for example by von Karman or Kaimal. From investigation of measured data it is clear that gusts are underrepresented in such models. Based on some fundamental discoveries of the nature of turbulence by Friedrich  derived from the Navier-Stokes equation directly, we used the concept of Continuous Time Random Walks to construct three dimensional wind fields obeying non-Gaussian statistics. These wind fields were used to estimate critical fatigue loads necessary within the certification process. Calculations are carried out with an implementation of a beam-model (FLEX5) for two types of state-of-the-art wind turbines The authors considered the edgewise and flapwise blade-root bending moments as well as tilt moment at tower top due to the standard wind field models and our new non-Gaussian wind field model. Clear differences in the loads were found.
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- A New Non-gaussian Turbulent Wind Field Generator to Estimate Design-Loads of Wind-Turbines
A. P. Schaffarczyk
- Springer Berlin Heidelberg
in-adhesives, MKVS, Zühlke/© Zühlke