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This paper presents a generalized statistical multiple-input multiple-output (MIMO) fading channel model for a vehicle-to-vehicle (V2V) non-line of sight mobile communication system on narrow curved-road environments. The MIMO channel model captures the propagation effect that occurs when vehicles move towards a junction with a side road and corner scatterings. In this paper, both single- and double-bounced scattering mechanisms are considered and it is assumed that the scatterers are uniformly distributed in the form of narrow arcs outside the annular road. Our geometry-based channel model takes the exact relationship between the angle-of-arrival and the angle-of-departure into account. Thereafter, the statistical properties of the model are studied under the assumption of non-isotropic scattering. Analytical expressions of different parameters, such as the space–time-frequency cross-correlation function, Doppler power spectral density, and MIMO channel capacity are provided. Furthermore, the influence of model parameters on the performance of V2V communication system has been analyzed. The study provides a design layout of MIMO V2V communication systems with a wide-band spatial channel model enabling the performance analysis of new high-data-rate transmission schemes for narrow curved-road propagations.
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- A Novel MIMO Channel Model for Vehicle-to-Vehicle Communication System on Narrow Curved-Road Environment
- Springer US