Weitere Artikel dieser Ausgabe durch Wischen aufrufen
The relationship between quantum collapse and consciousness is reconsidered under the assumption that quantum collapse is an objective dynamical process. We argue that the conscious observer can have a distinct role from the physical measuring device during the process of quantum collapse owing to the intrinsic nature of consciousness; the conscious observer can know whether he is in a definite state or a quantum superposition of definite states, while the physical measuring device cannot “know”. As a result, the consciousness observer can distinguish the definite states and their quantum superposition, while the physical measuring device without consciousness cannot do. This provides a possible quantum physical method to distinguish man and machine. The new result also implies that consciousness has causal efficacies in the physical world when considering the existence of quantum collapse. Accordingly consciousness is not reducible or emergent, but a new fundamental property of matter. This may establish a quantum basis for panpsychism, and make it be a promising solution to the hard problem of consciousness. Furthermore, it is suggested that a unified theory of matter and consciousness includes two parts: one is the psychophysical principle or corresponding principle between conscious content and matter state, and the other is the complete quantum evolution of matter state, which includes the definite nonlinear evolution element introduced by consciousness and relating to conscious content. Lastly, some experimental schemes are presented to test the proposed quantum theory of consciousness.
Bitte loggen Sie sich ein, um Zugang zu diesem Inhalt zu erhalten
Sie möchten Zugang zu diesem Inhalt erhalten? Dann informieren Sie sich jetzt über unsere Produkte:
Bell, J. S. (1987). Speakable and unspeakable in quantum mechanics. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Chalmers, D. (1996). The conscious mind. Oxford: University of Oxford Press. MATH
Crick, F. (1994). The astonishing hypothesis. New York: Scribner’s.
Czachor, M. (1995). Nonlinear Schrödinger equation and two-level atoms. Preprint quant-ph/9501007.
DeWitt, B. S., & Graham, N. (Eds.), (1973). The many-worlds interpretation of quantum mechanics. Princeton: Princeton University Press.
Diosi, L. (1989). Models for universal reduction of macroscopic quantum fluctuations. Physics Review A, 40, 1165–1174. CrossRef
Duane, T. D., & Behrendt, T. (1965). Extrasensory electroencephalographic induction between two identical twins. Science, 150, 367.
Edelman, G. M., & Tononi, G. (2000). A universe of consciousness: How matter becomes imagination. New York: Basic Books.
Gao, S. (2000). Quantum motion and superluminal communication. Beijing: Chinese Broadcasting & Television Publishing House.
Gao, S. (2001). From quantum motion to classical motion-seeking the lost reality. Physics Essays, 14(1), 37–48. CrossRef
Gao, S. (2003a). A possible quantum basis of panpsychism. NeuroQuantology, 1(1), 4–9.
Gao, S. (2003b). Quantum. Beijing: Tsinghua University Press.
Gao, S. (2004b). A possible connection between quantum and self-consciousness. Axiomathes: An International Journal in Ontology and Cognitive Systems, 14(4), 295–305.
Gao, S. (2006a). What quantum mechanics really describes: Discontinuous motion of particles. Galilean Electrodynamics, 17(1), 3–10.
Gao, S. (2006c). Quantum motion: Unveiling the mysterious quantum world. Bury St Edmunds: Arima Publishing.
Hameroff, S. R., & Penrose, R. (1996). Conscious events as orchestrated space-time selections. Journal of Consciousness Studies, 3(1), 36–53.
Jahn, R. G., Dunne, B. J., Nelson, R. D., Dobyns, Y. H., & Bradish, G. J. (1997). Correlations of random binary sequences with pre-stated operator intention: A review of a 12-year program. Journal of Scientific Exploration, 11(3), 345–367.
Libet, B. (1993). Neurophysiology of consciousness: Selected papers and new essays. Boston: Birkhauser.
McGinn, C. (1999). The mysterious flame: Conscious minds in a material world. New York: Basic Books.
Pearle, P. (1989). Combining stochastic dynamical state-vector reduction with spontaneous localization. Physics Review A, 39, 2277–2289. CrossRef
Radin, D. I. (1997). The conscious universe: The scientific truth of psychic phenomena. New York: HarperCollins.
Radin, D. I., & Nelson, R. D. (1989). Evidence for consciousness-related anomalies in random physical systems. Foundations of Physics, 19(12), 1499–1514. CrossRef
Seager, W. (1999). Theories of consciousness. London: Routledge.
Seager, W. (2001). Panpsychism, Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy.
Stapp, H. (1996). Mind, matter, and quantum mechanics. New York: Springer-Verlag.
Strawson, G. (2006). Realistic monism: Why physicalism entails panpsychism. Journal of Consciousness Studies, 13(4).
Strawson, G., et al. (2006). Consciousness and its place in nature: Does physicalism entail panpsychism? Exeter, UK: Imprint Academic.
Targ, R., & Puthoff, H. (1974). Information transmission under conditions of sensory shielding. Nature, 252, 602–607.
Tegmark, M. (2000). Importance of quantum decoherence in brain processes. Physics Review E, 61, 4194–4206. CrossRef
von Neumann, J. (1955). Mathematical foundations of quantum mechanics. Princeton: Princeton University Press. MATH
Wackermann, J., Seiter, C., Keibel, H., & Walach H. (2003). Correlations between brain electrical activities of two spatially separated human subjects. Neuroscience Letters, 336, 60–64.
Wigner, E. P. (1967). Symmetries and reflections. Bloomington and London: Indiana University Press, pp.171–184.
- A Quantum Theory of Consciousness
- Springer Netherlands
Neuer Inhalt/© ITandMEDIA