Weitere Kapitel dieses Buchs durch Wischen aufrufen
Climate Smart Agriculture (CSA) is an approach to guide the management of agriculture in the era of climate change. The concept was first launched in 2009, and since then has been reshaped through inputs and interactions of multiple stakeholders involved in developing and implementing the concept. CSA aims to provide globally applicable principles on managing agriculture for food security under climate change that could provide a basis for policy support and recommendations by multilateral organizations, such as UN’s FAO. The major features of the CSA approach were developed in response to limitations in the international climate policy arena in the understanding of agriculture’s role in food security and its potential for capturing synergies between adaptation and mitigation. Recent controversies which have arisen over CSA are rooted in longstanding debates in both the climate and sustainable agricultural development policy spheres. These include the role of developing countries, and specifically their agricultural sectors, in reducing global GHG emissions, as well as the choice of technologies which may best promote sustainable forms of agriculture. Since the term ʻCSA’ was widely adopted before the development of a formal conceptual frame and tools to implement the approach, there has been considerable variation in meanings applied to the term, which also contributed to controversies. As the body of work on the concept, methods, tools and applications of the CSA approach expands, it is becoming clearer what it can offer. Ultimately, CSA’s utility will be judeged by its effectiveness in integrating climate change response into sustainable agricultural development strategies on the ground.
Action Aid 2011 ‘Fiddling with carbon markets while Africa burns’ Action Aid Johannesburg http://www.actionaid.org/publications/fiddling-soil-carbonmarkets-while-africa-burns
Barrows, Geoffrey, Steven Sexton, and David Zilberman. “Agricultural biotechnology: the promise and prospects of genetically modified crops.” The Journal of Economic Perspectives 28, no. 1 (2014): 99–119. CrossRef
Bennett, Alan B., Cecilia Chi-Ham, Geoffrey Barrows, Steven Sexton, and David Zilberman. “Agricultural biotechnology: economics, environment, ethics, and the future.” Annual Review of Environment and Resources 38 (2013): 249–279. CrossRef
Cooper, Mark. “The Economic and Institutional Foundations of the Paris Agreement on Climate Change: The Political Economy of Roadmaps to a Sustainable Electricity Future” Available at SSRN 2722880 (2016).
David Tilman, Kenneth G. Cassman, Pamela A. Matson, Rosamond Naylor, Stephen Polasky, (2002) Agricultural sustainability and intensive production practices. Nature 418 (6898):671-677
FAO 2009 Food Security and Agricultural Mitigation in Developing Countries: Options for Capturing Synergies FAO Rome http://www.fao.org/docrep/012/i1318e/i1318e00.pdf
FAO 2010. Climate-Smart Agriculture: Policies, Practices and Financing for Food Security, Adaptation and Mitigation. Rome, FAO.
FAO 2011 Climate Change Mitigation Finance for Smallholder Agriculture: A guide book to harvesting soil carbon sequestration benefits FAO Rome http://www.fao.org/docrep/015/i2485e/i2485e00.pdf
FAO. (2013). Climate smart agriculture sourcebook. FAO Rome.
FAO 2016 State of Food and Agriculture Report “Climate change Agriculture and Food Security” FAO Rome http://www.fao.org/3/a-i6030e.pdf
Gupta, Joyeeta 2010 A history of international climate change policy Wiley Interdisciplinary Reviews: Climate Change Vol. 1 Issue 5 pp 621–763
Hamrick K. and A. Goldstein 2016 “Raising Ambition: State of the Voluntary Carbon Markets 2016” Ecosystem Marketplace Washington DC http://www.forest-trends.org/documents/files/doc_5242.pdf
Henry Neufeldt, Molly Jahn, Bruce M Campbell, John R Beddington, Fabrice DeClerck, Alessandro De Pinto, Jay Gulledge, Jonathan Hellin, Mario Herrero, Andy Jarvis, David LeZaks, Holger Meinke, Todd Rosenstock, Mary Scholes, Robert Scholes, Sonja Vermeulen, Eva Wollenberg, Robert Zougmoré, (2013) Beyond climate-smart agriculture: toward safe operating spaces for global food systems. Agriculture & Food Security 2 (1):12
Huang, Jikun, Jun Yang, Siwa Msangi, Scott Rozelle, and Alfons Weersink. “Biofuels and the poor: Global impact pathways of biofuels on agricultural markets.” Food Policy 37, no. 4 (2012): 439–451. CrossRef
International Assessment of Agricultural Science, Knowledge and Technology for Development (IAASTD) 2009. Agriculture at a Crossroads Synthesis Report Island Press Washington DC
Klümper, Wilhelm, and Matin Qaim. “A meta-analysis of the impacts of genetically modified crops.” PLoS One 9, no. 11 (2014): e111629 CrossRef
Lal, Rattan. “Soil carbon sequestration to mitigate climate change.” Geoderma 123, no. 1 (2004): 1–22. CrossRef
Larson, A.M., Brockhaus, M., Sunderlin, W.D., Duchelle, A.E., Babon, A., Dokken, T., Pham, T.T., Resosudarmo, I. A. P., Selaya, G., Awono, A., Huynh T-B. “Land tenure and REDD+: the good, the bad and the ugly.” Global Environmental Change 23, no. 3 (2013): 678–689. CrossRef
Leach, M. and I. Scoones 2015 Political Ecologies of Carbon in Africa in Carbon Conflicts and Forest Landscapes in Africa in June 2015 https://www.routledge.com/products/9781138824836
Leslie Lipper, Philip Thornton, Bruce M. Campbell, Tobias Baedeker, Ademola Braimoh, Martin Bwalya, Patrick Caron, Andrea Cattaneo, Dennis Garrity, Kevin Henry, Ryan Hottle, Louise Jackson, Andrew Jarvis, Fred Kossam, Wendy Mann, Nancy McCarthy, Alexandre Meybeck, Henry Neufeldt, Tom Remington, Pham Thi Sen, Reuben Sessa, Reynolds Shula, Austin Tibu, Emmanuel F. Torquebiau, (2014) Climate-smart agriculture for food security. Nature Climate Change 4 (12):1068–1072
McCarl, Bruce A., and Uwe A. Schneider. “The cost of greenhouse gas mitigation in US agriculture and forestry.” Science 294, no. 21 (2001): 2481–82. CrossRef
Paustian, Keith, Bruce Babcock, J. Hatfield, Rattan Lal, B. A. McCarl, S. McLaughlin, A. Mosier et al. “Agricultural mitigation of greenhouse gases: science and policy options.” CAST (Council on Agricultural Science and Technology) Report 141 (2004): 2004.
P. L. Pingali, (2012) Green Revolution: Impacts, limits, and the path ahead. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 109 (31):12302-12308
Post, Wilfred M., R. Cesar Izaurralde, Linda K. Mann, and Norman Bliss.“Monitoring and verifying changes of organic carbon in soil.” In Storing Carbon in Agricultural Soils: A Multi-Purpose Environmental Strategy, pp. 73–99. Springer Netherlands, 2001.
Qaim, Matin. Genetically Modified Crops and Agricultural Development. Palgrave Macmillan, Basingstoke 2015.
Ringius, Lasse. “Soil carbon sequestration and the CDM: opportunities and challenges for Africa.” Climatic change 54, no. 4 (2002): 471–495. CrossRef
Scoones, Ian ‘The politics of global assessments: the case of the International Assessment of Agricultural Knowledge, Science and Technology for Development (IAASTD)’, Journal of Peasant Studies, (2009) 36: 3, 547–571. CrossRef
P. Smith, D. Martino, Z. Cai, D. Gwary, H. Janzen, P. Kumar, B. McCarl, S. Ogle, F. O'Mara, C. Rice, B. Scholes, O. Sirotenko, M. Howden, T. McAllister, G. Pan, V. Romanenkov, U. Schneider, S. Towprayoon, M. Wattenbach, J. Smith, (2008) Greenhouse gas mitigation in agriculture. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences 363 (1492):789–813
Tan, Xiaomei. “Clean technology R&D and innovation in emerging countries—experience from China.” Energy Policy 38, no. 6 (2010): 2916–2926. CrossRef
WCED, UN. “Our common future.” World Commission on Environment and Development Oxford University Press (1987).
World Bank 2011 State and Trends of the Carbon Market 2011. World Bank Washington DC https://siteresources.worldbank.org/INTCARBONFINANCE/Resources/StateAndTrend_LowRes.pdf
Zilberman, David. “The economics of sustainable development.” American Journal of Agricultural Economics 96, no. 2 (2014): 385–396. CrossRef
Zilberman, David, Scott Kaplan, Gal Hochman, and Deepak Rajagopal. “Political Economy of Biofuels.” In The Impacts of Biofuels on the Economy, Environment, and Poverty, pp. 131–144. Springer New York, 2014. CrossRef
- A Short History of the Evolution of the Climate Smart Agriculture Approach and Its Links to Climate Change and Sustainable Agriculture Debates
Neuer Inhalt/© Stellmach, Neuer Inhalt/© BBL, Neuer Inhalt/© Maturus, Pluta Logo/© Pluta, Neuer Inhalt/© hww, Wissenstransfer im Outsourcing/© WrightStudio | stock.adobe.com