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In Europe, high energy consumption in the building environment has raised the need for developing low-temperature heating systems both in new buildings and in retrofitting buildings. This paper addressed many different topics related to energy saving in central heating systems with reduced supply temperature and radiant panel heating including floor heating, ceiling heating and wall heating. The paper investigated the performance of these different types of low-temperature heating system using numerical modelling, simulation tools and also site measurements. Thus, energy performance of radiator and radiant floor heating systems connected to a ground-coupled heat pump (GCHP) is compared, as obtained with experimental measurements in an office room. Furthermore, the thermal comfort of these systems is compared and a mathematical model for numerical modelling of thermal emission from radiant floors is developed and experimentally validated. Additionally, a comparative analysis of the energy, environmental and economic performances of floor, wall, ceiling and floor-ceiling heating using numerical simulation is performed. Finally, the energy efficiency of a heat pump in conjunction with a radiator or radiant floor heating system is calculated for different supply, return, and air design temperatures. This study showed that floor-ceiling heating works better than other low-temperature heating systems regarding providing better thermal comfort, lower energy consumption, lower CO2 emission and lower operating cost.
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- A study of the performances of low-temperature heating systems
- Springer Netherlands