The effects of ammonium sulphate (NS) on the accumulation of nutrients in above and below ground biomass and soil were studied in a Norway spruce stand in south-west Sweden during 1988–1993. Ammonium sulphate addition resulted in nitrogen accumulation with 326 and 16 kg ha-1 in above and below ground biomass, respectively. Corresponding figures for the control plots (C) were 34 and 3 kg ha-1. Nitrogen accumulation in forest floor of NS was 266 kg ha-1 and 47 kg ha-1 in mineral soil. About 70% of added sulphate by fertiliser was retained in NS plots (482 kg S ha-1) of which 274 kg ha-1 was adsorbed in the mineral soil. The sulphate addition resulted in increased leaching of nitrogen, magnesium, calcium and sulphur. It is suggested that the spruce stand at the study site has a high capacity to accumulate nitrogen with a high above ground production. The high input of ammonium sulphate may in the long run result in increased losses of cations to ground water.
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- Accumulation of Nutrients in Above and Below Ground Biomass in Response to Ammonium Sulphate Addition in a Norway Spruce Stand in Southwest Sweden
- Springer Netherlands