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This chapter addresses the third myth driving conservation politics in Africa, namely that the local and national levels work in a symbiotic fashion whereby conservation outcomes at the local level drive decisions at the national level, and vice versa. Further, this imagined symbiotic relationship is assumed to be conducive to conservation. In reality, these two levels of environmental politics work in tandem, connecting only sporadically. More commonly observed is a chronic disconnect between the two levels of environmental decision-making. By looking at concrete attempts to connect these two levels across Madagascar, Tanzania, and Uganda, it becomes clear that far from facilitating interest alignment, this disconnect hinders it. As a result, decentralized forest management has scarcely been achieved, as evidenced by the high number of failed community-based natural resource management (CBNRM) projects.
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- Across the Great Divide: Collaborative Forest Management
Nadia Rabesahala Horning
- Chapter 4