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Über dieses Buch

This book provides a systematic analysis, modeling and evaluation of the performance of advanced transport systems. It offers an innovative approach by presenting a multidimensional examination of the performance of advanced transport systems and transport modes, useful for both theoretical and practical purposes. Advanced transport systems for the twenty-first century are characterized by the superiority of one or several of their infrastructural, technical/technological, operational, economic, environmental, social and policy performances as compared to their conventional counterparts. The advanced transport systems considered include: Bus Rapid Transit (BRT) and Personal Rapid Transit (PRT) systems in urban area(s), electric and fuel cell passenger cars, high speed tilting trains, High Speed Rail (HSR), Trans Rapid Maglev (TRM), Evacuated Tube Transport system (ETT), advanced commercial subsonic and Supersonic Transport Aircraft (STA), conventionally- and Liquid Hydrogen (LH2)-fuelled commercial air transportation, advanced Air Traffic Control (ATC) technologies and procedures for increasing the airport runway capacity, Underground Freight Transport (UFT) systems in urban area(s), Long Intermodal Freight Train(s) (LIFTs), road mega trucks, large advanced container ships and freight/cargo aircraft and advanced freight/goods collection distribution networks. This book is intended for postgraduates, researchers, professionals and policy makers working in the transport industry.

Inhaltsverzeichnis

Frontmatter

Chapter 1. Advanced Transport Systems: General

The transport system can be considered as a physical entity for the mobility of persons and physical movements of freight/goods shipments between their (ultimate) origins and destinations. The entity consists of infrastructure, transport means/vehicles, supporting facilities and equipment, workforce, and organizational forms of their use. Energy/fuel is consumed to build/manufacture and operate the infrastructure, transport means/vehicles, and facilities and equipment. The transport system includes different forms/modes such as rail, road, water, air, and their sensible/wise combinations operating as intermodal or multimodal transport service networks. Depending on the volumes and intensity of passenger and freight/goods demand, each mode has different self-contained components distinguished mainly with respect to the type of technologies, resources used, and concepts of providing transport services. Consequently, in the remaining text, the term “systems” is used for these rather complex components of the transport system.

Milan Janić

Chapter 2. Advanced Transport Systems: Operations and Technologies

This chapter describes BRT (Bus Rapid Transit) System as an advanced mature public transport system operating in many urban and suburban areas around the world, high-speed tilting passenger trains operating along medium- to long-distancepassenger corridors/markets in many countries worldwide, and an advanced subsonic commercial aircraft—Boeing B787-8, which has recently started commercial operation.

Milan Janić

Chapter 3. Advanced Transport Systems: Operations and Economics

This chapter describes advanced freight collection/distribution networks, road mega trucks, LIFTs (Long Intermodal Freight Train(s)) as components of the advanced freight/goods system in Europe, and large commercial freight aircraft. Advanced freight collection/distribution networks can be operated by a single or few different (integrated) transport modes moving freight/goods consolidated into loading units such as pallets, containers, swap-bodies, and/or semi-trailers between the doors of particular shippers and receivers. When these networks are operated exclusively by road, standard or mega trucks are exclusively used. The road mega truck is the largest, i.e., the longest and heaviest, commercial freight vehicle proposed to carry fright/good shipments throughout the EU (European Union) countries. As such, it is longer and heavier that its current largest counterpart—the standard truck with a length of 18.75 m and a weight of 40–44 tons. The LIFTs have been launched in Europe aiming at increasing competitiveness of the rail freight to road truck services and consequently influence modal shift. The large commercial freight aircraft have been considered to operate in the global air long-haul freight/cargo transport network

Milan Janić

Chapter 4. Advanced Transport Systems: Technologies and Environment

This chapter deals with the performances of advanced passenger cars, large advanced container ships, and LH

2

(Liquid Hydrogen)-fuelled commercial air transportation.

Milan Janić

Chapter 5. Advanced Transport Systems: Infrastructure, Technologies, Operations, Economics, Environment, and Society/Policy

This chapter describes selected HS (High Speed) passenger transport systems and their multicriteria ranking based on their infrastructural, technical/technological, operational, economic, environmental, and social/policy performances. These include the constantly growing APT (Air Passenger Transport) and an HSR (High Speed Rail), as well as forthcoming TRM (TransRapid MAGLEV) systems. Such a multicriteria approach has proven convenient regarding the general objectives expected to be fulfilled by the above-mentioned HS) systems as well as the often conflicting preferences of the increasing number of actors/stakeholders involved in the DM (Decision Making) process (Giuliano

1985

; Haimes

1985

; Speling

1984

).

Milan Janić

Chapter 6. Advanced Transport Systems: Future Concepts

This chapter describes five concepts of future advanced transport systems: (i) PRT (Personal Rapid Transit) systems; (ii) UFT (Underground Freight Transport) systems; (iii) ETT (Evacuated Tube Transport) system; (iv) advanced ATC (Air Traffic Control) technologies and procedures for increasing airport runway capacity; and (v) advanced STA (Supersonic Transport Aircraft).

Milan Janić

Chapter 7. Advanced Transport Systems: Contribution to Sustainability

An important current and prospective medium- to long-term objective of transport systems worldwide is to continuously improve sustainability. On the one hand, this implies handling growing passenger and freight transport demand efficiently, effectively, and safely, and on the other mitigating their direct and indirect impacts on the environment and society such as energy consumption and related emissions of Greenhouse Gases (GHG), local noise, congestion, traffic incidents/accidents, land use/take, and waste on the other.

Milan Janić

Backmatter

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