Ecotoxicology has a long history of engaging in the development of biological assessment tools applicable to ecological hazard and risk evaluation. The Proceedings of the 1st International Conference “Environmental Bioassay Techniques and their Application” contained 67 papers, but only two were dealing with soils (Munawar et al. 1989). While numerous compilations of aquatic and soil test methods are readily available for evaluating toxicity as an ecological effect, fewer test methods are readily accessible for evaluating soil contamination. Here, as a result of a 12 year-study, we present biological assessment tools applicable to soil contamination evaluation, with a central focus on methods that are currently available for evaluating soil toxicity. Soil toxicity is one potential indicator of adverse effects associated with soils, caused by chemicals released to the environment.
Weitere Kapitel dieses Buchs durch Wischen aufrufen
- Advances in Biological Assessment of Chemical-Impacted Soils
- Springer Berlin Heidelberg