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Reforms in China were first launched in poor rural areas. The earliest reform methods targeted individuals, were highly scattered, and affected only small areas at a time. The primary method of reforms was the implementation of the Household Responsibility System, which shifted the responsibility for both production and labor onto households. After agricultural collectivization in the 1950s, shifting responsibility onto households was one of the primary methods employed for peasants to respond to economic hardships around the country; that is to say that this was by no means a new tactic.
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