5.1 Producer Perspectives
5.1.1 The Changing Environments of Farmers
5.1.2 Empirical Results About Self-perception
Farmer 3 (F3): Yes, and then I did it like that, and then I also worked outside the farm. Now I have arable production and pigs.
Interviewer (I): Yes, OK.
F3: And, er (…) right, since 03 I’m actually doing no-tillage (.)
F3: When it actually was prescribed, due to run-off.
I: The district administration has prescribed it, right?
F3: Yeah, prescribed, they have recommended it, so to say, they actually recommended it.
F3: And I thought, I would plough. Weed, right, problem, right?
F3: And it is, of course, with the glyphosate that is, of course, (.) simple, I’m saying, no-tillage.
I: Yes, hmh.
F3: And I am always saying, if the glyphosate, the Roundup, we are actually only saying Roundup, if this goes away, ffff
F3: Then I am seeing problems in arable production, right?
5.2 Population Perspectives
5.2.1 The Role as Residents
5.2.2 The Role as Consumers
5.2.3 The Role as Citizens
5.3 Varieties of Capitalist Agriculture
5.3.1 Selection of Variables
5.3.2 Processing of Variables
Farm size (ha)
Percentage producer support estimate
Percentage total support estimate of gross domestic product
Average farm size in ha
Value agricultural products consumed as percentage of value agricultural products produced
CO2 equivalents of methane divided by food production
CO2 equivalents of nitrous oxide divided by food production
Food expenditure per head in US$
Farm size (ha)
5.3.4 Discussion and Conclusion
5.4 Concluding Thoughts on Agricultural Systems
Liberalization processes in many countries could have been the response of unnecessary inefficiencies in government regulations and a move toward more affordable food.
The demand for blooming meadows, butterflies and the like in many countries has been answered by agri-environmental programs.
Mistrust about the side-effects of modern production methods has been met both by growing organic markets and by creating trust through community-supported agriculture.
A perception of unjust resource allocations between northern consumers and southern producers has led to the fair trade movement.
Many people care for animals today. This care is certainly reflected in the lives of cats and dogs, but hardly reflected in the lives of most pigs, chicken and cows. Animal welfare today is neither conceptually fully understood nor realized to a degree that would suffice for a large part of the population.
Agriculture contributes to 15–20% of climate change, more so through animal production than through crop production, and little is done to reduce this contribution.
The share of starving people on our planet has been reduced, but the share of obese people is strongly on the rise. Although the joy of overeating may outweigh the ‘cost’ of a belly, it is likely that we are actually moving away from the social optimum in this respect.