Another sector in which an entirely new development trend has emerged in post-Soviet countries since the disintegration of the USSR is agriculture. It is well known that the Soviet Union had been a net importer of grain since the 1960s. Ten years after embracing market economics, several post-Soviet countries had evolved into full-scale agricultural exporters with a strongly competitive position on the market. In the case of agriculture, therefore, potential co-operation between post-Soviet countries could be driven by considerations other than the cultural similarities or infrastructural interdependence previously discussed (though these arguments also have a role to play). Firstly, post-Soviet countries depend upon each other geographically for grain exports: for example, Kazakhstan has to rely on the infrastructure of Georgia, Russia and Ukraine to access global markets. Secondly, post-Soviet countries trade in similar commodities and, therefore, have incentives to cooperate to benefit from their monopoly power. We review below the main areas of interdependence.
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