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Agriculture was the largest sector of the Ghanaian economy until it was surpassed by the services sector in 1987. Then, in 2011, it moved to the third position—this time surpassed by the industry sector, and the decline of the relative share of agriculture in GDP has continued (Table B.6). At constant 2006 prices, the contribution of agriculture to GDP went down from 40.77 per cent in 1965 to 32.03 per cent in 1990, and further to 29.06 per cent in 2000, 26.77 per cent in 2010 and 21.66 per cent in 2015 (Tables 3.4 and B.6). However, in terms of employment, even as recently as 2010, agriculture was maintaining a strong position, employing 42 per cent of the total labour force which was slightly lower than that of the services sector (where the corresponding figure was 43 per cent), but much higher than that of the industry sector (15 per cent). This dominance is particularly sharp in the rural economy, where an estimated 46 per cent of the people of the country live. Also, in the rural areas, the share of agricultural employment is significantly higher, 76.1 per cent (MoFA, 2013, p. 8).
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