The full extent of the world’s biodiversity is unknown and vast numbers of species with untold potential benefits for humankind remain to be discovered. Yet the British government’s Chief Scientist has stated that 10 times more funding is devoted to astrophysics and the exploration of space than is channelled into systematics and the inventory of the Earth’s remaining biodiversity. Most of the world’s biodiversity occurs in developing countries in the tropics but these countries rarely have the funds to extend their own biodiversity research and conservation activities. They have traditionally received support for environmental conservation efforts through ‘foreign aid’, i.e. official development assistance (ODA) and the work of non-governmental organizations (NGOs). This chapter discusses trends in environmental assistance to developing countries during the late twentith century, and outlines some of the financial mechanisms currently available for the support of biodiversity conservation projects across the world. Throughout the following discussion monetary figures are given in US dollars.
Weitere Kapitel dieses Buchs durch Wischen aufrufen
- Aid for environment: the greening of development priorities
- Springer US
- Chapter 12