Precise prediction of algal booms is beneficial to fisheries and environmental management since it enables the fish farmers to gain more ample time to take appropriate precautionary measures. Since a variety of existing water quality models involve exogenous input and different assumptions, artificial neural networks have the potential to be a cost-effective solution. However, in order to accomplish this goal successfully, usual problems and drawbacks in the training with gradient algorithms, i.e., slow convergence and easy entrapment in a local minimum, should be overcome first. This paper presents the application of a particle swarm optimization model for training perceptrons to forecast real-time algal bloom dynamics in Tolo Harbour of Hong Kong, with different lead times on the basis of several input hydrodynamic and/or water quality variables. It is shown that, when compared with the benchmark backward propagation algorithm, its results can be attained both more accurately and speedily.
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- Algal Bloom Prediction with Particle Swarm Optimization Algorithm
K. W. Chau
- Springer Berlin Heidelberg