A great deal of research has been dedicated to discover overlapping communities, as in most real life networks such as social networks and biology networks, a node often involves in multiple overlapping communities. However, most work has focused on community detection, which takes the whole graph as input and derives all communities at one time. Community detection can only be used in offline analysis of networks and it is quite costly, not flexible and can not support dynamically evolving networks. Online community search which only finds overlapping communities containing given nodes is a flexible and light-weight solution, and also supports dynamic graphs very well. Thus, in this paper, we study an efficient solution for overlapping community search problem. We propose an exact algorithm whose performance is highly improved by considering boundary node limitation and avoiding duplicate computations of multiple input nodes, and we also propose three approximate strategies which trade off the efficiency and quality, and can be adopted in different requirements. Comprehensive experiments are conducted and demonstrate the efficiency and quality of the proposed algorithms.
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- An Efficient Approach of Overlapping Communities Search
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