Ensuring the security of individuals is becoming an increasingly important problem in a variety of applications. Biometrics technology that relies on the physical and/or behavior human characteristics is capable of providing the necessary security over the standard forms of identification. Palmprint recognition is a relatively new one. Almost all the current palmprint-recognition systems are mainly based on image captured under visible light. However, multispectral and hyperspectral imaging have been recently used to improve the performance of palmprint identification. In this paper, the MultiSpectral Palmprint (
) and HyperSpectral Palmprint (
) are integrated in order to construct an efficient multimodal biometric system. The observation vector is based on Principal Components Analysis (
). Subsequently, HiddenMarkov Model (
) is used for modeling this vector. The proposed scheme is tested and evaluated using 350 users. Our experimental results show the effectiveness and reliability of the proposed system, which brings high identification accuracy rate.