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Erschienen in: Population and Environment 4/2023

01.12.2023 | Brief Report

An estimate of age structure transition on carbon dioxide emission: panel analysis on Indian states

verfasst von: Nilanjana Roy

Erschienen in: Population and Environment | Ausgabe 4/2023

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Abstract

This paper investigates the relationship between per capita CO2 emission and the population age distribution in 17 Indian states from 1980 to 2008. Using STIRPAT (Stochastic Impacts by Regression on Population, Affluence, and Technology) framework, this paper examines the impact of the age distribution of population, per capita gross domestic product, and the share of the manufacturing sector on per capita CO2 emissions by assembling a panel dataset from published data for this time period. Each state’s population is categorized into five age intervals to estimate the effect of the share of population falling in each age interval on per capita CO2 emission. Results show that states with a larger share of the population aged between 35 to 49 years emit more carbon than those with larger younger or older shares. This analysis is supplemented by an empirical exercise using National Sample Survey data which indicates that a greater share of the prime working-age population (35-49) is associated with a greater degree of fuel consumption expenditure which in turn reflects the higher energy demand leading to higher CO2 emission.

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Fußnoten
1
Punjab, Haryana, Delhi, Rajasthan, Uttar Pradesh, Bihar, Assam, West Bengal, Orissa, Himachal Pradesh, Madhya Pradesh, Gujrat, Maharashtra, Andhra Pradesh, Kerala, Karnataka, and Tamil Nadu.
 
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Metadaten
Titel
An estimate of age structure transition on carbon dioxide emission: panel analysis on Indian states
verfasst von
Nilanjana Roy
Publikationsdatum
01.12.2023
Verlag
Springer Netherlands
Erschienen in
Population and Environment / Ausgabe 4/2023
Print ISSN: 0199-0039
Elektronische ISSN: 1573-7810
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/s11111-023-00437-0

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