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Erschienen in:

07.01.2023

An Experimental Study on Fire Suppression Devices for Power Batteries of Hybrid Electric Multiple Units

verfasst von: Zheng Li, Yao Fu, Aiqun Liu, Xuefei Li, Guangtai Chen, Peng Qin

Erschienen in: Fire Technology | Ausgabe 3/2023

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Abstract

The hybrid type electric multiple units (EMUs) are generally equipped with LiCoO2/Li4Ti5O12 lithium-titanate (LTO) batteries. LTO batteries are often in a state of high-rate charging and discharging since they are mainly used for emergency traction and braking recycling of EMUs. Under such operating conditions, LTO batteries have a higher risk of thermal runaway, which would induce battery fires in the operation and lead to grave consequences. In this paper, a fire suppression device containing a fire detection tube was proposed for the power battery system of hybrid EMUs. Meanwhile, experiments were conducted to detect thermal runaway of the single battery and thermal expansion of the battery module installed with the fire suppression device. The fire detection tube was filled with clean agent Dodecafluoro-2-methylpentan-3-one. During the experiment, when triggering the process of thermal runaway, the fire suppression device prevented the battery from catching on fire successfully. Moreover, the fire suppression device had good cooling performance. The thermal runaway temperature of the battery with the fire suppression device installed was lowered to 130°C or so, compared with 550°C of the single battery alone. The fire suppression device was then installed in the battery system of a hybrid EMU, which performed well in operation.

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Metadaten
Titel
An Experimental Study on Fire Suppression Devices for Power Batteries of Hybrid Electric Multiple Units
verfasst von
Zheng Li
Yao Fu
Aiqun Liu
Xuefei Li
Guangtai Chen
Peng Qin
Publikationsdatum
07.01.2023
Verlag
Springer US
Erschienen in
Fire Technology / Ausgabe 3/2023
Print ISSN: 0015-2684
Elektronische ISSN: 1572-8099
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/s10694-022-01351-x

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