Weitere Artikel dieser Ausgabe durch Wischen aufrufen
Research in the humanities, arts, and social sciences (HASS) tends to have impacts that enhance quality of life (QOL) but that are not amenable to pricing in established markets. If the economic value of ‘non-market’ research impacts is ignored when making the business case for HASS research, society will under-invest in it. My goal in this research was to quantify priorities and tradeoffs Canadians were willing to make between broad QOL attributes. A national sample (N = 1,612; 14,571 observations) cleaved into five distinct latent classes, each of which varied according to their preferences and willingness to pay for QOL impacts. One class, comprising 21% of the sample, placed a strong priority on QOL indicators relating to people, community, and culture, and was willing to pay, on average, $892 per household per year for improvements across a full range of QOL attributes. While willing to pay $1,393 per household per year in total, a second segment, comprising 20% of the sample, focused heavily on benefits more likely to be derived from science and technology research. Willingness to pay for specific and aggregate improvements amongst the balance of the sample was lower. Diverse preferences regarding potential QOL impacts suggest that researchers will need to consider both the source and magnitude of public benefits arising from HASS research in the future.
Bitte loggen Sie sich ein, um Zugang zu diesem Inhalt zu erhalten
Sie möchten Zugang zu diesem Inhalt erhalten? Dann informieren Sie sich jetzt über unsere Produkte:
Bayer, P., Keohane, N., & Timmins, C. (2009). Migration and hedonic valuation: The case of air quality. Journal of Environmental Economics and Management, 58, 1–14. CrossRef
Berrens, R. P., Bohara, A. K., Jenkins-Smith, H. C., Silva, C., & Weimer, D. L. (2003). The advent of Internet surveys for political research: A comparison of telephone and Internet samples. Political Analysis, 11, 1–22. CrossRef
Berrens, R. P., Bohara, A. K., Jenkins-Smith, H. C., Silva, C. L., & Weimer, D. L. (2004). Information and effort in contingent valuation surveys: Application to global climate change using national internet samples. Journal of Environmental Economics and Management, 47, 331–363. CrossRef
Birol, E., Karousakis, K., & Koundouri, P. (2006). Using a choice experiment to account for preference heterogeneity in wetland attributes: The case of Cheimaditida wetland in Greece. Ecological Economics, 60, 145–156. CrossRef
Boxall, P. C., & Adamowicz, W. L. (2002). Understanding heterogeneous preferences in random utility models: A latent class approach. Environmental & Resource Economics, 23, 421–446. CrossRef
Brazell, J., Diener, C., Karniouchina, E., Moore, W., Séverin, V., & Uldry, P.-F. (2006). The no-choice option and dual response choice designs. Marketing Letters, 17, 255–268. CrossRef
Bryan, S., & Roberts, T. (2008). Preferences for health care programmes: results from a general population discrete choice survey. In M. Ryan, K. Gerard, & M. Amaya-Amaya (Eds.), Using discrete choice experiments to value health and health care (pp. 139–152). Dordrecht, Netherlands: Springer. CrossRef
Colombo, S., Calatrava-Requena, J., & Hanley, N. (2007). Testing choice experiment for benefit transfer with preference heterogeneity. American Journal of Agricultural Economics, 89, 135–151. CrossRef
Coryn, C. L. S., Hattie, J. A., Scriven, M., & Hartmann, D. J. (2007). Models and mechanisms for evaluating government-funded research: An international comparison. American Journal of Evaluation, 28, 437–457. CrossRef
Costanza, R., Fisher, B., Ali, S., Beer, C., Bond, L., Boumans, R., et al. (2007). Quality of life: An approach integrating opportunities, human needs, and subjective well-being. Ecological Economics, 61, 267–276. CrossRef
Couper, M. P., Kapteyn, A., Schonlau, M., & Winter, J. (2007). Noncoverage and nonresponse in an Internet survey. Social Science Research, 36, 131–148. CrossRef
DEST. (2007). Research quality framework: Assessing the quality and impact of research in Australia. Canberra: Australian Government, Department of Education, Science and Technology (DEST).
Donovan, C. (2008). The Australian Research Quality Framework: A live experiment in capturing the social, economic, environmental, and cultural returns of publicly funded research. New Directions for Evaluation, 118, 47–60. CrossRef
Fieller, E. C. (1954). Some problems in interval estimation. Journal of the Royal Statistical Society: Series B, 16, 175–185.
Freeman III, A. M. (2003). The measurement of environmental and resource values: Theory and methods (2nd ed.). Washington DC: Resources for the Future.
Frohlich, K. L., Ross, N., & Richmond, C. (2006). Health disparities in Canada today: Some evidence and a theoretical framework. Health Policy, 79, 132–143. CrossRef
Hagerty, M. R., Cummins, R. A., Ferriss, A. L., Land, K., Michalos, A. C., Peterson, M., et al. (2001). Quality of life indexes for national policy: Review and agenda for research. Social Indicators Research, 55, 1–96. CrossRef
Heal, G. M., Barbier, E. B., Boyle, K. J., Covich, A. P., Gloss, S. P., Hershner, C. H., et al. (2004). Valuing ecosystem services: Toward better environmental decision-making. Washington, DC: National Academy Press.
Heckman, J. J. (2000). Policies to foster human capital. Research in Economics, 54, 3–56. CrossRef
Helliwell, J. F. (Ed.). (2001). The contribution of human and social capital to sustained economic growth and well-being. Hull, Quebec: Human Resources Development Canada (HRDC) and OECD.
Hensher, D., Rose, J. M., & Greene, W. H. (2005). Applied choice analysis: A primer. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press. CrossRef
Hole, A. R. (2007). A comparison of approaches to estimating confidence intervals for willingness to pay measures. Health Economics, 16, 827–840. CrossRef
Hynes, S., Hanley, N., & Scarpa, R. (2008). Effects on welfare measures of alternative means of accounting for preference heterogeneity in recreational demand models. American Journal of Agricultural Economics, 90, 1011–1027. CrossRef
Jorgensen, B. S., Syme, G. J., Bishop, B. J., & Nancarrow, B. E. (1999). Protest responses in contingent valuation. Environmental & Resource Economics, 14, 131–150. CrossRef
Lancaster, K. (1966). A new approach to consumer theory. Journal of Political Economy, 74, 132–157. CrossRef
Leonard, J., Ragan, C., & St-Hilare, F. (Eds.). (2007). A Canadian priorities agenda: policy choices to improve economic and social well-being. Ottawa: Institute for Research on Public Policy.
Louviere, J., Hensher, D., & Swait, J. (2000). Stated choice methods: Analysis and application. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press. CrossRef
Louviere, J. J., & Islam, T. (2008). A comparison of importance weights and willingness-to-pay measures derived from choice-based conjoint, constant sum scales and best-worst scaling. Journal of Business Research, 61, 903–911. CrossRef
Louviere, J. J., & Woodworth, G. (1983). Design and analysis of simulated consumer choice or allocation experiments: An approach based on aggregate data. Journal of Marketing Research, 20, 350–367. CrossRef
Mannemar Sønderskov, K. (2009). The environment. In G. T. Svendsen & G. L. H. Svendsen (Eds.), Handbook of research on social capital (pp. 252–271). Cheltenham, UK: Edward Elgar Publishing.
McFadden, D. (1974). Conditional logit analysis of qualitative choice behavior. In P. Zarembka (Ed.), Frontiers in econometrics (pp. 105–142). New York: Academic Press.
MEA (Millennium Ecosystem Assessment). (2005). Ecosystems and human well-being: Synthesis. Washington, DC: Island Press.
OECD. (2008). OECD economic surveys Canada: Adapting to new terms of trade, ageing and climate change. OECD Economic Surveys, 2008, 12–25.
Olson, M. (1965). The logic of collective action. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.
Pretty, J. (2003). Social capital and the collective management of resources. Science, 302, 1912–1914. CrossRef
Putnam, R. D. (1995). Bowling alone: America’s declining social capital. Journal of Democracy, 6, 65–78. CrossRef
Raphael, D. (Ed.). (2004). Social determinants of health: Canadian perspectives. Toronto: Canadian Scholars’ Press.
Richardson, L., & Loomis, J. (2009). The total economic value of threatened, endangered and rare species: an updated meta-analysis. Ecological Economics, 68, 1535–1548. CrossRef
Rudd, M. A. (2000). Live long and prosper: collective action, social capital and social vision. Ecological Economics, 34, 131–144. CrossRef
Rudd, M. A. (2009). National values for regional aquatic species at risk in Canada. Endangered Species Research, 6, 239–249. CrossRef
Sands, G., & Reese, L. A. (2008). Cultivating the creative class: and what about Nanaimo? Economic Development Quarterly, 22, 8–23. CrossRef
Scarpa, R., & Thiene, M. (2005). Destination choice models for rock climbing in the Northeastern Alps: A latent-class approach based on intensity of preferences. Land Economics, 81, 426–444.
Scarpa, R., Willis, K. G., & Acutt, M. (2004). Individual-specific welfare measures for public goods: A latent class approach to residential customers of Yorkshire Water. In P. Koundouri (Ed.), Econometrics informing natural resource management (pp. 316–337). Cheltenham UK: Edward Elgar.
Sharpe, A., & Arsenault, J.-F. (2009). Living standards domain of the Canadian Index of Wellbeing. Ottawa: Centre for the Study of Living Standards.
Smyth, R. L., Watzin, M. C., & Manning, R. E. (2009). Investigating public preferences for managing Lake Champlain using a choice experiment. Journal of Environmental Management, 90, 615–623. CrossRef
Throsby, D. (1999). Cultural capital. Journal of Cultural Economics, 23, 3–12. CrossRef
Train, K. E. (2003). Discrete choice methods with simulation. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press. CrossRef
Tuan, T. H., & Navrud, S. (2008). Capturing the benefits of preserving cultural heritage. Journal of Cultural Heritage, 9, 326–337. CrossRef
Vermunt, J. K., & Magidson, J. (2005). Technical guide for Latent GOLD Choice 4.0: Basic and advanced. Belmont, MA: Statistical Innovations Inc.
Warren, P. (2005). Key indicators in Canada. Ottawa: Statistics Canada.
Wedel, M., & DeSarbo, W. S. (1994). A review of recent developments in latent class regression models. In R. P. Bagozzi (Ed.), Advanced methods of marketing research (pp. 352–388). Cambridge, UK: Basil Blackwell.
Woolcock, M. (1998). Social capital and economic development: Toward a theoretical synthesis and policy framework. Theory and Society, 27, 151–208. CrossRef
World Bank. (2001). Expanding the measure of wealth: Indicators of environmentally sustainable development. Washington, DC: World Bank, Environment Department.
- An Exploratory Analysis of Societal Preferences for Research-Driven Quality of Life Improvements in Canada
Murray A. Rudd
- Springer Netherlands
Neuer Inhalt/© Stellmach, Neuer Inhalt/© Maturus, Pluta Logo/© Pluta