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2023 | OriginalPaper | Buchkapitel

Analysis Based on Sediment Core Diatoms for Paleolimnological Approach

verfasst von : Alisha Revalia Ghassani Amir, Tri Retnaningsih Soeprobowati, Riche Hariyati

Erschienen in: Climate Change and Ocean Renewable Energy

Verlag: Springer Nature Switzerland

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Abstract

Lake is a body of water surrounded by land that has an important role in human life. Galela Lake, as one of the largest freshwater sources in North Maluku, faces the threat of anthropogenic activities that impair the function of the lake ecosystem. Diatoms are used as one of the paleolimnological approaches to reconstructing environmental conditions. This study aims to examine the abundance and diversity of diatoms, as well as the status of water pollution observed through the diversity index (H′), evenness (e), dominance (D) and diatom index. Samples are taken using piston corer at the Galela Lake inlet location adjacent to the Wasi River. Using a microscope under 1000× magnification, there were 51 species of diatoms from 25 genera. The diversity index (2.10–3.21), evenness (0.69–0.92) and dominance (0.05–0.14) were categorized as medium to high, highly distributed, and low dominance. The representative diatom indices for Galela Lake are IBD, IPS, IDG, and TDI because >70% of species encountered are in accordance with the OMNIDIA database. Based on IBD and IDG, Galela Lake’s inlet has good ecological status in the bottom core and gradually decreases to moderate in the upper core, while the IPS index was moderate to low. The obtained results showed that there are changes in the diatom species composition caused by anthropogenic activities around the lake that affect the change in nutrient concentration.

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Metadaten
Titel
Analysis Based on Sediment Core Diatoms for Paleolimnological Approach
verfasst von
Alisha Revalia Ghassani Amir
Tri Retnaningsih Soeprobowati
Riche Hariyati
Copyright-Jahr
2023
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-031-26967-7_10