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2023 | OriginalPaper | Buchkapitel

Analysis of Internal Flow and Velocity Characteristics of Threaded Convergent Nozzle Using CFD for Abrasive Jet Application

verfasst von : S. Madhu, M. Balasubramanian, V. Benaline Sheeba

Erschienen in: Energy and Exergy for Sustainable and Clean Environment, Volume 2

Verlag: Springer Nature Singapore

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Abstract

Abrasive jet machining process is finding great importance in engineering applications. It is a machining process, where removal of material happens due to erosion effect by passing a high velocity stream of abrasive particles along with a gas medium. A nozzle is used to supply the jet of abrasive particles with air at a very high velocity. The conventional nozzle presently used for the process gives low velocity and results in lower material removal rate (MRR). In this work, three different types of convergent nozzles, (i) Geometry type-I (25 mm length), (ii) Geometry type-II (50 mm length), and (iii) Geometry type-III (newly designed nozzle), have been designed and analyzed using CFD. Multistart thread is employed in all the three types of the nozzle for improving the velocity and flow rate of the mixture of air and abrasive particle. Ansys Fluent 16.0 tool is used for computational fluid dynamics analysis. The velocity of the mixture from nozzles with thread was analyzed. Velocity, pressure, and angular velocity of mixture inside the nozzle were compared. The results showed improvement in newly designed nozzle, and the velocity was 42.84 m/s. The rate of flow obtained through the newly designed nozzle is high compared with other conventional types of nozzles.

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Metadaten
Titel
Analysis of Internal Flow and Velocity Characteristics of Threaded Convergent Nozzle Using CFD for Abrasive Jet Application
verfasst von
S. Madhu
M. Balasubramanian
V. Benaline Sheeba
Copyright-Jahr
2023
Verlag
Springer Nature Singapore
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/978-981-16-8274-2_25