Cognitive radio (CR) is a promising technology for increasing the spectrum capacity for ad hoc networks. Based on CR, the unlicensed users will utilize the unused spectrum of the licensed users in an opportunistic manner. Therefore, the average spectrum usage will be increased. However, the sudden appearance of the licensed users forces the unlicensed user to vacate its operating channel and handoff to another free one. Spectrum handoff is one of the main challenges in cognitive ad hoc networks. In this paper, we aim to reduce the effect of consecutive spectrum handoff for cognitive ad hoc users. To achieve that, the licensed channels will be used as operating channels and the unlicensed channels will be used as backup channels when the primary user appears. Therefore, the number of spectrum handoff will be reduced, since unlicensed bands are primary user free bands. A Markov chain model is presented to evaluate the proposed scheme. Performance metrics such as blocking probability and dropping probabilities are obtained. The results show that the proposed scheme reduces all the aforementioned performance metrics.
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- Analysis of Opportunistic Spectrum Access in Cognitive Ad Hoc Networks
Mohamed A. Kalil
- Springer Berlin Heidelberg
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