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This book provides an overview of the rapid development Beijing has seen in a wide range of areas in 2017, both in itself and as an integral part of a larger region, as China’s economic development continues to improve in overall quality and regional coordination. General reports on progress Beijing made and problems it faced in 2017 in improving its economy, public services, municipal and community governance, urban planning, and funding for innovations are followed by case studies that look at best practices and how they can be applied towards promoting coordinated development of the Beijing-Tianjin-Hebei region. The strategy features prominently in the outlook contributors present for the greater metropolitan area of Beijing for 2018.

This book is a valuable source of reference for anyone trying to gain a better understanding the what, how, and why in relation to one of the world’s fastest growing mega-cities.



General Report


Chapter 1. China’s Regional Economies in 2017 and Outlook for 2018

In 2017, with the implementation of its overall strategy for the development of its regional economies, China gradually achieved stronger coordination of such development. Five major trends have been observed with regional economic development. The Report to the 19th National Congress of the Communist Party of China has laid out the general plan for the development of China’s regional economies. In the year 2018, four major development trends are expected in the development of China’s regional economies. In this paper, we make some policy recommendations for the promotion of coordinated regional development.

Chapter 2. Beijing’s Economic Development in 2017 and Outlook for 2018

The global economy resumed its growth momentum and exceeded expectations in the year 2017. It was in this context that China’s economy has grown amidst stability and with a further improvement in the quality of growth. With this favorable environment both at home and abroad, Beijing has maintained fairly steady economic growth, with the signs of a soft landing emerging. Fixed-asset investment has grown steadily and the investment structure has become more reasonable; there has been further optimization of the consumption structure, and online consumption has grown rapidly. The emerging industries are also growing rapidly, and their share of the city’s GDP continues to increase. The price index has risen slightly, while there has been steady growth in the incomes of both urban and rural residents, and consumption in the medical and housing fields has grown rapidly. In this paper, we take an empirical look at the influence of three key factors (market size, industrial structure, and general-purpose technologies) on Beijing’s innovation abilities with the aid of models. With a focus on efforts to relieve Beijing of its non-capital city functions, we also look at the difficulties and misunderstandings encountered over the course of efforts to shift resources for greater productivity in the Beijing area. In view of the practical problems in Beijing’s economic development, we then seek to analyze the strategic goals and pathways of Beijing’s efforts to build a modern economic system. Finally, we provide our forecast for Beijing’s economy for the year 2018.

Chapter 3. Beijing’s Public Services at a New Stage of Quality Improvement

Beijing is undergoing transformation and upgrading in the course of its development. A new stage of quality improvement for public services has been ushered in, and reforms in the fields of science and technology, education, and culture have accelerated and become more effective. Social security has been steadily enhanced alongside reforms of the medical insurance system. Improvements have been made in capabilities that support city operations, and the government of public security continues to be stable. Important progress has been made in the area of air pollution control, and environmental protection has become a priority for the city.

Chapter 4. Beijing’s Social Governance in 2017: Overview, Challenges, and Suggestions

In 2017, Beijing saw steadily refined management in social governance, the law-based governance further enhanced, the cultivation and incubation of social organizations gradually carried out, and the crime governance attain new results. At the same time, Beijing still has room to improve in such areas as developing mechanisms for engaging non-governmental entities in resolving social tensions, the governance of the rural-urban fringe zone, the improvement of the legal framework for social organizations, and the administrative services for floating party members. Therefore, Beijing should develop strategies to further improve the aforementioned areas.
Li Huibin

Chapter 5. Building a National Cultural Center in the Context of the New Beijing Urban Master Plan

In 2017, Beijing actively implemented the requirement on its strategic position as the capital city and pushed for progress in all aspects of the cultural sector with the aim of building a national cultural center. The Beijing Urban Master Plan (2016–2035) further clarifies the city’s strategic goal of cultural development and building a national cultural center. According to the 2017 ranking of relevant indexes, Beijing ranked 9th in Global Cities Index, the same as in 2016, 13th in Global Power City Index and 7th in global city cultural exchange index. While Beijing ranked first among Chinese cities in all those index rankings, it lagged quite far behind “global cities” like London, New York and Tokyo. In the ranking of overall competitiveness in 2017, Beijing ranked fourth in China for the third consecutive year after Shanghai, Hong Kong and Shenzhen. It was in a leading position in the country regarding cultural development, its position as a national cultural center was further consolidated, and it ranked first regarding the urban environment for innovation and entrepreneurship. Beijing’s city brand development, cultural brand, tourism brand, investment brand and brand communication index were all the best in China, so was its cultural competitiveness index and cultural influence index. It is worth noting that Beijing ranked 4th in the country by cultural soft power index and 13th by cultural soft power public satisfaction index. This implies large room for improvement regarding its endeavor to build a livable city, enhancement of cultural soft power and especially the public satisfaction with cultural service. Centered on the building of a national cultural center, this report gives an overview of Beijing’s development in a series of cultural aspects in 2017, including the protection and inheritance of the historical and cultural city, public cultural service, development of cultural and creative industries and expansion of cultural exchange and communication. It also analyzes Beijing’s overall and cultural competitiveness advantages and weaknesses in the international and domestic city system, and makes suggestions on areas where improvements are needed.
Li Jiansheng

Special Report


Chapter 6. Overall Evaluation of Public Service Performance of 16 Districts in Beijing

This report comprehensively compares and ranks the public service performance of 16 districts of Beijing based on the performance evaluation indicator system. The evaluation results show that public service provision has been improved in the new urban development area, but still fallen short of its functional positioning in many respects, therefore efforts are needed to improve public service provision.

Chapter 7. Specialized Social Work Organizations in the Operation of Community Service Agencies: A Comparative Study on Six Pilot Service Stations of Five Neighborhoods in Xicheng District of Beijing

To explore and improve the community governance model based on collaboration, participation and common interests is an important task of community building. It is of great significance to explore what status community service stations occupy in the community governance system and how they should operate. In this regard, five neighborhoods in Xicheng District of Beijing have set up six pilot service stations and made explorations ranging from over half a year to two-plus years. This chapter compares the six service stations in an all-round way, especially the two operation modes: introduction of specialized social work organizations to service stations and the management of service stations by the neighborhoods. On the basis of analyzing the similarities and differences of the two modes, the author reflects on the new mode of involving specialized social work organizations.
Yuan Zhenlong

Chapter 8. Incentive Effects and Influencing Factors of Government Funding on Corporate R&D Investment: A Case Study of Beijing

On the basis of the threshold regression model, this study empirically examines the incentive effects of R&D subsidy from the municipal government of Beijing on R&D investment of enterprises and analyzes the main factors that influence the effect. The results of empirical tests show that there is a significant threshold effect of government funding on corporate R&D investment, which is affected by the strength of funding, the size of enterprises, and the structure of property rights. For the purpose of stimulating corporate R&D investment, the strength of government R&D funding should be kept within 9%, and the incentive effects are better for larger enterprises or state-owned enterprises.
Luo Zhi

Beijing-Tianjin-Hebei Region


Chapter 9. A Study on Space Optimization and Economic Development of Beijing Against the Backdrop of Coordinated Development of the Beijing-Tianjin-Hebei Region

Beijing is embracing new development opportunities in the process of relocating its non-capital functions. For sustainable economic development, Beijing should optimize its spatial layout, accelerate the transformation, upgrade and integrate use of vacated space, improve the division of labor between the central area, the sub-center and Xiong’an New Area.
Yang Weifeng

Chapter 10. Coordinated Industrial Development of the Beijing-Tianjin-Hebei Region: An Analysis Based on Enterprise Big Data

Based on enterprise big data, the paper gives an analysis of a number of indicators of enterprises in Beijing-Tianjin-Hebei Region, such as total registered capital, destinations of capital flows, industries of capital investment, number of patent applications jointly filed by enterprises in the Region and the number of patents granted. As observed from the indicators, Beijing-Tianjin-Hebei Region has a good basis for division of labor and demonstrates strong synergy: Beijing has a remarkable capital spillover effect and is the pivot of capital investment between the three regions; collaborative innovation between Beijing, Tianjin and Hebei concentrates on infrastructure, technology services, manufacturing and other fields, and Beijing is at the core of collaborative innovation. On this basis, proposals are brought forward on how to promote coordinated development of the Region.
Ye Tanglin, Mao Ruochong

Chapter 11. Coordinated Cultural Development in Beijing, Tianjin and Hebei in 2017: Reality, Features, Challenges and Policy Recommendations

In 2017, Beijing carried out non-capital function relocation in a vigorous, orderly and effective manner. The Beijing-Tianjin-Hebei region has achieved remarkable results in developing cultural synergy. This is not only the major target of Beijing-Tianjin-Hebei integration, but also a strong inspiration and cultural support for the coordinated development in other fields in the region. However, cultural integration still faces such problems as isolated systems, unbalanced development and talent shortage. Great efforts are needed to promote regional cultural collaboration for win-win outcomes.
An Jing, Ma Liuting


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