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This book provides an overview of the rapid development Beijing has seen in a wide range of areas in 2018, both in itself and as an integral part of a larger region, as China’s economic development continues to improve in overall quality and regional coordination. General reports on progress Beijing made and problems it faced in 2018 in improving its economy, public services, and municipal and community governance, urban planning, and funding for innovations are followed by case studies that look at best practices and how they can be applied towards promoting coordinated development of the Beijing-Tianjin-Hebei region. The strategy features prominently in the outlook contributors present for the greater metropolitan area of Beijing for 2019.

This book is a valuable source of reference for anyone trying to gain a better understanding the what, how, and why in relation to one of the world’s fastest growing mega-cities.

Inhaltsverzeichnis

Frontmatter

General Reports

Frontmatter

Chapter 1. Development of China’s Regional Economies: Under Four Decades of Reform and Opening-up and Future Outlook

Abstract
Over the past 40 years of reform and opening up, the strategic focus for China’s regional economic development has shifted from unbalanced to balanced development across regions. Along with the high-speed regional economic growth, the widening development gap across regions has gradually narrowed and the regional economic landscape has undergone historical evolution. However, as the problem of unbalanced and inadequate regional development has not been completely resolved, the endeavor to achieve coordinated regional development is still facing challenges. For some time to come, China’s regional policy will continue to center on promoting coordinated regional development, so as to lay a solid foundation for high-quality economic development.
Zhao Hong

Chapter 2. Beijing’s Economy in 2018 and 2019: Analysis and Forecast

Abstract
In 2019, both developed and emerging market economies experienced a mild slowdown in economic growth. The evolution of China–U.S. trade frictions largely determines the trend of economic development both in China and around the world. In 2018, Beijing’s economy maintained a stable growth, along with a modest rise of prices, rapid growth of emerging industries, increasing capacity for independent innovation, and significantly improved business environment. China–U.S. trade frictions have given rise to great uncertainty to Beijing’s economic growth. Based on an analysis of the theoretical origins and practical dilemmas of China–U.S. trade frictions, this report makes a pre-judgment on China–U.S. trade negotiations and then analyzes the impact of China–U.S. trade frictions on Beijing’s economy. The Schumpeter model was adopted for the design of a catch-up model between Beijing and the United States, followed by an empirical analysis. It leads to the conclusion that Beijing should prioritize the strategy of independent innovation to improve productivity. In addition, the report makes a forecast of Beijing’s economy in 2019.
Tang Yong

Chapter 3. More Balanced Distribution and Overall Quality Improvement of Public Services in Beijing

Abstract
Driven by the implementation of the Beijing Municipal Master Plan (2016–2035)and the preparation for the 2022 Olympic and Paralympic Winter Games, the distribution of public services in 16 districts of Beijing is getting more balanced and the quality of public services has greatly improved. The endeavor to build a national science and technology innovation center has gathered momentum. The distribution of high-quality basic education resources has been more balanced. Public cultural services have been provided in both urban and rural areas. Social security benefits have continued to increase and the community-based elderly care system has taken shape. A housing support system for both purchase and renting has been improving. The meticulous urban management has been innovated in an all-round manner. The operational support capabilities have been significantly enhanced. Public safety is well guaranteed. The people’s sense of security has continued to improve. Multiple measures have been adopted for comprehensive environmental governance, and the air quality has continued to improve.

Chapter 4. Social Governance of Beijing in 2018: Overview, Problems and Suggestions

Abstract
Beijing made remarkable achievements in social governance in 2018. The year saw great improvements in the city’s social and public services and management of urban services. Marked progress was made in promoting social mobilization and public participation. The city now has a more pleasant cultural environment, higher moral integrity, better fulfillment of social responsibility and more harmonious social relations. However, there are still some inadequacies in the work of the government including offering diversified and customized public services, involving a variety of players in social governance and managing floating population. Therefore, Beijing should intensify efforts to increase its capacity to offer public services at community level, boost coordination in social governance, upgrade the city through function transfer and remediation, and manage floating population.
Nan Fang

Chapter 5. A Study of Beijing Creative Development Index

Abstract
As the industrial structure has been upgraded in recent years, high value added, high-impact cultural and creative industries are growing into the pillar industries of more and more cities and regions. To objectively measure the level and potential of a city’s creative development would require a scientific, quantifiable and comparable index system. The research about Beijing Creative Development Index is intended to highlight the integrative and unique features of creativity, assess the development status and growth vitality of Beijing’s cultural and creative industries as thoroughly as possible, and identify the differences between Beijing and other major cities of China in such industries, thus inspiring renewed efforts to develop Beijing’s cultural and creative industries.
Mei Song, Wang Peng, Han Zhongming

Special Report

Frontmatter

Chapter 6. Overall Evaluation of Public Service Performance in 16 Districts of Beijing

Abstract
Based on the public service performance evaluation index system, this chapter makes a comprehensive comparison and ranking of public service performance in all districts of Beijing. The evaluation results show that the sub-center and the new districts in the plain area ranked in the bottom five in the city, and they lag far behind in terms of public service supply and functional positioning. While relieving Beijing of functions nonessential to its role as the capital, it is necessary to further increase the supply of public services in the sub-center and the new districts in the plain area, so as to ensure that it is advancing simultaneously with the relieving work.
Shi Changkui, Luo Zhi

The Greater Beijing-Tianjin-Hebei Region

Frontmatter

Chapter 7. Developing Xiongan New Area as a Sustainable City

Abstract
The establishment of Xiongan New Area is a major strategic decision made by the CPC Central Committee with Xi Jinping at its core, to promote the integrated development of Beijing, Tianjin and Hebei and to smoothly relieve Beijing of functions nonessential to its role as the capital. It is a strategy of national significance. At present, Xiongan New Area is being planned to highlight “world vision, international standards, Chinese characteristics, and high-level positioning” as required by President Xi Jinping. The development of Xiongan New Area should draw upon the experience of cities in China and other countries, follow the laws governing modern urban development and evolution of metropolitan areas, embrace the concept of sustainable city and lay a good foundation for sustainability in terms of spatial layout, transportation system and industrial support.
Zhao Hong

Chapter 8. Advancing Cultural Progress to Build Beijing into a National Cultural Center

Abstract
The development orientation of the capital city must be defined. Beijing’s urban construction must move toward safeguarding and strengthening its core functions. To accelerate the development of the national cultural center, in August 2017, Beijing set up a leading group as it sticks to advance in an all-round way with greater cultural awareness and confidence. Its status as the national cultural center was enhanced. In 2018, Beijing carried out cultural construction in all areas to develop its capital culture. The analysis of the report shows that Beijing ranked 9th in the Global Cities Index, 22nd by overall strength and 7th by cultural exchange as it was in 2017. On the domestic front, Beijing ranked fourth after Hong Kong SAR, Shenzhen and Shanghai in terms of overall competitiveness, but ranked first in terms of creativity, innovation, and entrepreneurship and influence. It shows that the capital city’s overall competitiveness was leading the country, as relevant statistics indicated. Among the first-tier cities in the Chinese mainland, as shown in relevant index analysis, Beijing ranked first in terms of cultural competitiveness, cultural influence, influence of image communication, cultural creativity and new cultural innovation. It fully showcases Beijing’s great strength and competitiveness as the national cultural center and its more important place in the country. The analysis shows that Beijing plays a leading and exemplary role in the cultural development nationwide. However, as China’s cultural and international communication center, the city still has a long way to go in improving its cultural competitiveness and influence before catching up with major cities in the world.
Li Jiansheng

Chapter 9. Community-Based Elderly Care in Beijing: Status and Prospects

Abstract
Beijing has been one of the earliest in China entering the aging society, and in response to the aging crisis, it has developed a “9064” model and made community-based elderly care a priority for the development of elderly care. After years of efforts, a “trilateral and four-level” management and service system for community-based elderly care has been put in place, with a rather complete system of laws and policies, quality evaluation system, social security system and industrial development system. Today, community-based elderly care is the main approach to the aging population, with elderly care stations growing into a network with more diversified participants and the fast-growing smart elderly care, and Beijing encourages innovation in this regard. However, Beijing needs to straighten out the boundaries of government, market, society and households in developing community-based elderly care and to pool resources toward the poor, the elderly and the disabled elderly; it also needs to improve the relevant policies for the sustainable development of elderly care stations.
Yang Lixiong

Chapter 10. Beijing-Tianjin-Hebei Cultural Coordination in 2018: Characteristics, Problems and Suggestions

Abstract
The year 2018 saw smooth progress in the endeavor to relieve Beijing of functions nonessential to its role as the capital. Useful explorations were made in the theory and practices of cultural coordination, which is an important part of the coordinated development of the Greater Beijing-Tianjin-Hebei Region, producing remarkable results. However, the cultural coordination faces some deep-seated imbalances and problems. To achieve real success in this regard still requires the concerted efforts of all stakeholders.
An Jing, Ma Liuting

Chapter 11. A Study of Beijing-Tianjin-Hebei Industrial Adjustment and Pollution Control from the Perspective of World-Class City Cluster

Abstract
The Greater Beijing-Tianjin-Hebei Region has long been troubled with extremely unbalanced ecological progress, flawed industrial structure, heavy pollutant emissions and serious ecological deterioration, which have constrained its high-quality development. To build a world-class city cluster with the capital as its core, the Greater Beijing-Tianjin-Hebei Region must reduce pollutant emissions at the source through industrial adjustment, force industrial transformation and upgrading through pollution control, boost industrial adjustment through technological innovation, develop low-carbon new energy industry, build a coordinated ecological development mechanism, push forward structural reform on the supply side and improve industrial space balance and supporting services.
Lu Xiaocheng
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