Weitere Kapitel dieses Buchs durch Wischen aufrufen
As the first decade of the twenty-first century and this book come to an end, Rybka’s reign at the top of the world of chess-playing entities is now four years old. History has shown that staying there for much longer is a tough task. A number of chess engines have risen to the top including Chess 4.0, Kaissa, Belle, Cray Blitz, Hitech, Deep Blue, Fritz, Shredder, Junior, Hydra, Zappa, and now Rybka. All but Hitech and Hydra established their positions at world championships. None but Cray Blitz held the title for more than four years. Cray Blitz did so for six years. However, though champion for the longest time, it was best by the narrowest of margins. Fritz won the title in 1995 and held it for four years until Shredder took it away in 1999. Junior, the comeback kid, captured the title three times, in 2002, 2004, and 2006, each time only to be relieved of it the following year.
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Papers concerned with chess engine strength as a function of search depth: Ken Thompson, Computer chess strength, Advances in Computer Chess 3, M. R.B. Clarke (ed.), Pergamon, pp. 55–56, 1982.
Robert Hyatt and Monty Newborn, Crafty goes deep, ICCA Journal, Vol. 20, No.2, pp. 79–86, June 1997.
Ernst A. Heinz, Dark Thought goes deep, ICCA Journal, Vol. 21, No. 4, pp. 228–244, December 1998.
Monty Newborn, A hypothesis concerning the strength of chess programs, ICCA Journal, Vol. 8, No. 4, pp. 209–215, December 1985.
Larry Kaufman, The Rybka vs. Ehlvest Pawn-Handicap Match, ICGA Journal, Vol. 30, No. 1, pp. 49–51, March 2007.
Jonathan Schaeffer, Yngvi Bjornsson, Neil Burch, Akihiro Kishimoto, Martin Muller, Rob Lake, Paul Lu and Steve Sutphen, Solving Checkers, International Joint Conference on Artificial Intelligence (IJCAI), pp. 292–297, 2005.
Water discovered on Mars (An article by David A. Fahrenthold): http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-dyn/content/article/2008/08/01/AR2008080102856.html
Life without Light (By Robin Meadows in the Zoogoer, May/June 1996): http://nationalzoo.si.edu/Publications/ZooGoer/1996/3/lifewithoutlight.cfm
Life in Extreme Environments: http://www.astrobiology.com/extreme.html
Shredder’s opening book: http://www.shredderchess.com/online-chess/online-databases/openingdatabase-info.html
Rybka 3’s opening book: http://www.amazon.com/ChessCentral-Rybka-3-Opening-Book/dp/3866810962
Rybka Aquarium opening book: http://chessok.com/shop/index.php? main_page=product_info&products_id=352
Fritz Powerbook 2009: http://www.chesscentral.com/Fritz_Powerbook_2009_p/fritzpb-09.htm
- And Beyond Rybka?
Prof. Monty Newborn
- Springer London
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