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Descartes’ perspective that animals are machines, and perhaps little more, is a matter of great ethical disquiet in contemporary society (Cottingham 1978). Sweeping developments in the life sciences since about 1950 have provided technical insights on how to control life and growth in ways that have made the animal-as-machine analogy more real. The moral principles and economic tradeoffs at issue have become more clearly defined, in large part because production sciences and the systems they support demand clear definition of the production environment. Animal disease confounds control efforts, and also belies the attitude that an animal’s technical performance can be abstracted from its environs.
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- Animal Disease and the Industrialization of Agriculture
David A. Hennessy
- Springer New York
- Chapter 5
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