C. japonica leaves were sampled monthly in a heavily damaged area (a-I: Saitama), a slightly damaged area (a-II: plains in Ibaraki), and a healthy area (a-III: mountainous areas in Ibaraki) in Kanto. The leaves were analyzed for apparent cuticular transpiration rates, amounts of epicuticular wax, and contact angles. Sb in aerosols deposited on the leaves was also analyzed. The transpiration rates and the increase in transpiration with leaf aging were higher in a- I than in a-II and a-III. Erosion rates of the wax were higher in a-I and a-II than in a-III. The decrease of contact angles with aging tended to be higher in a-I and a-II than in a-III. Rates of aerosol-Sb deposition on the leaves were in the order a-I ≫ a-II > a-III. The transpiration rates correlated with the values obtained from a linear binomial function that included the amounts of wax and aerosol-Sb as variables (r = 0.855, P < 0.01). In a-l, the large quantity of aerosols on the leaves (and probably gaseous air pollutants) may have increased the transpiration rates by ca. 50% owing to erosion of the wax and stomatal malfunction, placing C. japonica under chronic water stress.
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- Annual Changes in Some Physiological Properties of Cryptomeria Japonica Leaves from Kanto, Japan
- Springer Netherlands