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Über dieses Buch

This study explores corruption in Rwanda and highlights the necessity of developing anti-corruption education as a way of combating corruption. It argues that an effective campaign against corruption should consider promoting anti-corruption education with the aim of enabling present and future generations to maintain and live out the Ubupfura (meaning "trust/respect") ethical values. Considering the link between anti-corruption and peacebuilding efforts, as explained in this study, it is underlined that continuous efforts to raise such generations could undoubtedly move Rwandan society toward a sustainable peace. Peacebuilders, anti-corruption agents, and public policymakers are the primary beneficiaries of the study.

Inhaltsverzeichnis

Frontmatter

General Introduction

Frontmatter

Chapter 1. Introduction, Research Objectives and Overview

Abstract
This study is concerned with exploring the problem of corruption in Rwanda, reviewing the approaches to responding to it and proposing an alternative response. This alternative response makes use of and promotes ‘Ubupfura’ which is a core ethical value embedded in and cherished by the Rwandan culture. This study highlights the necessity of empowering children and helping them to develop the capacity to resist and distance themselves from corrupt practices, as well as raising them as anti-corruption agents. Considering the link between anti-corruption and peacebuilding, and underlining the role of education in transforming human society, it is believed that this anti-corruption education curriculum could contribute to preparing young generations for sustaining positive peace in Rwanda. Generally, the purpose of anti-corruption education is to build values and develop capacities necessary to form the civic position of pupils against corruption (Ministry of Education and Science and Modern Didactics Centre 2006: 18). Supporting other existing approaches to the fight against corruption in Rwanda, the study advocates promoting an anti-corruption campaign for Rwandan children. Through the study, an anti-corruption curriculum was designed, implemented and evaluated. The study demonstrates that anti-corruption education for children is an imperative component of a successful anti-corruption strategy.
Jean de Dieu Basabose

An Overview of Corruption: The Concept of Corruption and Conventional Anti-corruption Measures

Frontmatter

Chapter 2. The Concept of Corruption

Abstract
Many scholars who have researched and discussed the concept of corruption have found it complex and difficult to define. It is a multifaceted concept and hard to determine a comprehensive definition. Corruption, as Underkuffler (2005: 13) remarks, is something that is powerful, insidious, and destructive of human lives and institutions. It transcends those illegal, immoral and ignoble practices that we, people of the world, daily experience. Unlawful, unethical, dishonest and inhuman acts as well as moral deviations have their roots in corruption. Corruption can be considered as a pivotal root and those acts and immoralities are its ramifications. It is possible to say that human-made catastrophes have their radical origins in human corruption. There is a tendency to qualify corruption as a virus that causes different “chronic maladies” from which contemporary human suffers. Because of corruption, visionary men and women can turn out to be, or have become, ‘myopic’ – unable to see or to continue to strive for their initial/original goals.
Jean de Dieu Basabose

Chapter 3. Conventional Anti-corruption Measures

Abstract
Since the beginning of the 21st century, commitment and efforts to curb corruption have become more serious and multiple anti-corruption initiatives at global, regional and national levels have been established. At international level, the United Nations Convention Against Corruption (UNCAC) has created an opportunity to develop a global language about corruption and a coherent implementation strategy, with the purpose of promoting and strengthening measures to prevent and combat corruption more efficiently and effectively; promoting, facilitating and supporting international cooperation and technical assistance in the prevention of and fight against corruption, including in asset recovery; and promoting integrity, accountability and proper management of public affairs and public property (African Institute of Corporate Citizenship 2008: 9)
Jean de Dieu Basabose

The Nexus Between Anti-corruption and Peacebuilding

Frontmatter

Chapter 4. Anti-corruption Measures and Peacebuilding

Abstract
In this section the argument will be made that fighting against corruption is and should be recognized as one of the most important aspects of a peacebuilding process. There is a direct link between corruption and gross violations of human rights. Individuals have been killed, tortured and subjected to other violations of human rights because of their efforts to combat corruption (Kenya Transitional Justice Network 2013: 18). There are multiple ways in which corruption is linked to violent conflict, some direct and some indirect.
Jean de Dieu Basabose

Research Methods

Frontmatter

Chapter 5. Research Approach, Research Design and Data Collection Methods

Abstract
This chapter aims at presenting and explaining the research approaches, research design and data collection methods used throughout the research work process. The study is composed of two main parts: The first part of the study consists of exploring and analysing the situation of corruption in Rwanda and has used an exploratory approach, while the second part involved experimental intervention and applied training as its research approach.
Jean de Dieu Basabose

Exploration of the Rwandan Context and ACE as an Alternative

Frontmatter

Chapter 6. The Rwandan Context

Abstract
Corruption is a problem that exists all over the world. No country is immune from its consequences. Corruption occurs in all countries, regardless of whether they are rich or poor, dictatorships or democracies, socialist or capitalist (McLaughlin 2013). Rwanda is facing this problem too. In its overview of corruption in Rwanda, the U4 Anti-corruption resource centre (2011) says that various governance indicators indicate that Rwanda performs relatively well in terms of control of corruption, compared to many African countries. The country has also achieved significant progress over the last years in terms of government effectiveness and transparency of the regulatory framework. In spite of these efforts, corruption remains prevalent in the country. Corruption is still considered as one of the major challenges which need to be responded to in order to achieve the country’s development ambitions as stated in its Vision 2020. The government is reported to be conducting a firm fight against corruption and has put a number of measures and institutions in place in order to build a corruption-free country.
Jean de Dieu Basabose

Chapter 7. Anti-corruption Education as an Alternative Approach to Corruption

Abstract
It has been explained that anti-corruption efforts comprise (i) a reactive approach such as developing legal frameworks that criminalize and punish corruption, (ii) a preventive approach which includes anti-corruption reforms, establishing anti-corruption institutions and building national integrity systems, and (iii) a pro-active and ethical values-based approach.
Jean de Dieu Basabose

Data and Analysis on the Proposed ACE

Frontmatter

Chapter 8. Anti-corruption Education: Ubupfura Model

Abstract
Ubupfura is a Kinyarwanda word, difficult to translate into other languages. It encompasses all positive values; the most highlighted Ubupfura values include integrity, nobility, honesty, commitment to doing good, etc.
Jean de Dieu Basabose

Chapter 9. Evaluation of Nibakurane Ubupfura Teachings

Abstract
Evaluating the impact of Nibakurane Ubupfura Teachings (NUT) has focused on the awareness and understanding of the concept of corruption and the attitudes and behaviours of children vis-à-vis corrupt practices.
Jean de Dieu Basabose

Conclusion

Frontmatter

Chapter 10. Summary and Conclusions

Abstract
This study has explored the concept of corruption, discussed its existence in Rwanda and has proposed an anti-corruption education for Rwandan children. It has demonstrated the link between anti-corruption and peacebuilding efforts.
Jean de Dieu Basabose

Backmatter

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