This paper outlines the adaptation of IFLA’s Functional Requirements for Bibliographic Records (FRBR) for development of a metadata scheme to represent palm leaf manuscripts (PLMs) and facilitate their retrieval in digital collections. The FRBR model uses a structured, four-level hierarchy to represent an intellectual work with multiple titles, editions or formats. Because FRBR focuses on representation of the conceptual work rather than the physical entity, it must be modified for representation of PLMs. In this modified model, the level of
applies to the physical PLM rather than its conceptual content;
applies to the languages in which the PLM occurs;
applies to the formats in which each expression is available; and
applies to individual copies of a single format. The modified model has been used to devise a metadata scheme where each level has its own set of elements.