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01.01.2015 | Original Contribution | Ausgabe 1/2015 Open Access

Rheologica Acta 1/2015

Approximation of the inverse Langevin function revisited

Rheologica Acta > Ausgabe 1/2015
Radosław Jedynak


The main purpose of this paper is to provide an easy-to-use approximation formula for the inverse Langevin function. The mathematical complexity of this function makes it unfeasible for an analytical manipulation and inconvenient for computer simulation. This situation has motivated a series of papers directed on its approximation. The best known solution is given by Cohen. It is used in a lot of statistically based models of rubber-like materials. The formula is derived from rounded Padé approximation [3/2]. The main idea of the presented approach in this paper relies on improvement of the precision of approximation formula for the inverse Langevin function by using multipoint Padé approximation method. We focused our study strongly on obtaining a simple and accurate approximation. It is assumed that the proposed approximation formula may be considered a useful tool for verification of the results obtained in other ways. Our results are supported by investigating several numerical examples. The paper also presents a few applications of computer software named Mathematica which can be used to calculate symbolically one point Padé approximants and numerically multipoint Padé approximants. Using this software, we showed also how to compute higher order derivatives of the inverse function in a simple and elegant way. This issue was discussed by Itskov et al.

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