Skip to main content
main-content

Über dieses Buch

Architecture and the Novel under the Italian Fascist Regime discusses the relationship between the novel and architecture during the Fascist period in Italy (1922-1943). By looking at two profoundly diverse aesthetic phenomena within the context of the creation of a Fascist State art, Billiani and Pennacchietti argue that an effort of construction, or reconstruction, was the main driving force behind both projects: the advocated “revolution” of the novel form (realism) and that of architecture (rationalism). The book is divided into seven chapters, which in turn analyze the interconnections between the novel and architecture in theory and in practice. The first six chapters cover debates on State art, on the novel and on architecture, as well as their historical development and their unfolding in key journals of the period. The last chapter offers a detailed analysis of some important novels and buildings, which have in practice realized some of the key principles articulated in the theoretical disputes.

Unsere Produktempfehlungen

Springer Professional "Wirtschaft+Technik"

Online-Abonnement

Mit Springer Professional "Wirtschaft+Technik" erhalten Sie Zugriff auf:

  • über 69.000 Bücher
  • über 500 Zeitschriften

aus folgenden Fachgebieten:

  • Automobil + Motoren
  • Bauwesen + Immobilien
  • Business IT + Informatik
  • Elektrotechnik + Elektronik
  • Energie + Umwelt
  • Finance + Banking
  • Management + Führung
  • Marketing + Vertrieb
  • Maschinenbau + Werkstoffe
  • Versicherung + Risiko

Testen Sie jetzt 30 Tage kostenlos.

Springer Professional "Technik"

Online-Abonnement

Mit Springer Professional "Technik" erhalten Sie Zugriff auf:

  • über 50.000 Bücher
  • über 380 Zeitschriften

aus folgenden Fachgebieten:

  • Automobil + Motoren
  • Bauwesen + Immobilien
  • Business IT + Informatik
  • Elektrotechnik + Elektronik
  • Energie + Umwelt
  • Maschinenbau + Werkstoffe




Testen Sie jetzt 30 Tage kostenlos.

Springer Professional "Wirtschaft"

Online-Abonnement

Mit Springer Professional "Wirtschaft" erhalten Sie Zugriff auf:

  • über 58.000 Bücher
  • über 300 Zeitschriften

aus folgenden Fachgebieten:

  • Bauwesen + Immobilien
  • Business IT + Informatik
  • Finance + Banking
  • Management + Führung
  • Marketing + Vertrieb
  • Versicherung + Risiko




Testen Sie jetzt 30 Tage kostenlos.

Inhaltsverzeichnis

Frontmatter

Open Access

1. National Novel and New Architecture

Abstract
This book traces the relationship between the novel and architecture in Italy during the Fascist regime (1922–1943). Our analysis reveals how common aesthetic principles underpinned the development of these superficially very different artistic forms. Through this approach, we consider how these shared principles functioned as cardinal points within the overall structure of the system of the arts articulated under and by the regime. This chapter discusses the relevant critical literature on the topic and situates the analysis against current scholarly debates.
Francesca Billiani, Laura Pennacchietti

Open Access

2. The Regime and the Creation of an ‘Arte di Stato’

Abstract
This chapter lays the foundations for a structured and cogent analysis of the fields of architecture and the novel, while providing a stand-alone discussion of the central idea of arte di stato. This expression signals the more ‘pluralist’ approach adopted towards the arts by the Fascist regime, compared to coeval totalitarian regimes, in its attempt to create an aesthetic system supporting the dictatorship. The chapter takes as its starting point Mussolini’s 1926 speeches on the question of art and politics, and examines one of the main debates attempting to circumscribe and define the notion of State art during the dictatorship (carried out in the journal Critica fascista between 1926 and 1927), in order to identify its founding principles and analyse its articulations under the regime.
Francesca Billiani, Laura Pennacchietti

Open Access

3. Constructing the Novel

Abstract
In this chapter, we map out the development of the novel under the Fascist regime. We outline the process of structuring the national novel under a dictatorship from a theoretical standpoint. Firstly, we discuss how and why the novel in general—as a form rooted in construction—and the new realist one in particular, assumed a privileged position within the Italian literary field of the 1920s and 1930s. In doing so, we also show how it contributed to the construction of the idea of State art, in both aesthetic and economic terms. Secondly, we examine the tensions between the creation of Italian novels and the publication of translations. Our conclusion is that the project of constructing a new Italian novel form in the context of State art was often eclipsed in popularity by foreign production.
Francesca Billiani, Laura Pennacchietti

Open Access

4. Fascism and Architecture

Abstract
This chapter illustrates how the debates in the field of architecture similarly assumed special significance within the discourse on State art. Unlike the debates on the novel, those on architecture saw different movements attempting to show their suitability to represent the regime’s new political order as well as its idea of modernity, and so become the official arte di Stato. In order to demonstrate the complementary nature of the novel and architecture as cultural projects, we analyse the relationship between architecture and the regime in historical terms, by looking at its key developments from the 1920s till the early 1940s, in political terms, by examining the ‘battles’ for hegemony over the other arts, and in aesthetic terms by giving examples of how architectural language was developed and implemented in selected landmark buildings.
Francesca Billiani, Laura Pennacchietti

Open Access

5. 900 and Quadrante: Theorizing an Interdisciplinary Aesthetic Model

Abstract
This chapter looks at the journals 900 and Quadrante, arguing that they were two crucial platforms for the establishment of architecture and the novel as two intersecting modernizing projects grounded in the principles of rationalization, construction, the moral function of art, and an engagement with the real, and both committed to the construction of a modern Fascist culture. In his writings in 900, Bontempelli theorized and advocated an anti-rhetorical, anti-subjective and anti-decadent literature, which should aim to ‘build’ objects and create the new myths of modernity, taking architecture as a conceptual model. Quadrante followed in 900’ footsteps with its objective of forming a ‘united aesthetic front’, and establish rationalized, functional and realist forms of art as the Fascist ‘arte di stato”. While its main focus was architecture, interdisciplinary crossings were a central goal of the journal.
Francesca Billiani, Laura Pennacchietti

Open Access

6. State Art, the Novel, and Architecture: Intersections

Abstract
By identifying the relationships between a set of intersecting narratives about the novel and architecture, this chapter brings together the main lines of argument we have developed so far. More specifically, it analyses the intersections between State art, architecture and the novel, which emerge from the debates taking place in literary and cultural journals, such as Occidente, Orpheus and Il Saggiatore. These journals expressed the voice of the cultural fringes of the youth culture fostered by the regime during the period of its maximum consensus amongst the Italian population (1932–1936), in particular producing a timely reflection on realism, which functioned as a theoretical foundation for the discourse on State art and also for the creation of intersections between the novel and architecture.
Francesca Billiani, Laura Pennacchietti

Open Access

7. Novels and Buildings

Abstract
This chapter applies the principles identified in the previous chapters to the analysis of a set of novels and buildings which exemplify the structural and conceptual intersections and points of contact between literature and architecture, considered here as convergent aesthetico-political projects aimed at the construction of a modern culture supporting the Fascist dictatorship. Our analysis takes into account the discourses surrounding the production and reception of these artworks, shedding light on their reception and their position within the Fascist cultural system. In the first section we analyse four novels: Gli indifferenti, Luce fredda, 522: racconto di una giornata and La strada e il volante. In the second section we carry out an analysis of three buildings: the Santa Maria Novella railway station in Florence, the expansion of the Olivetti factory in Ivrea, and the Danteum.
Francesca Billiani, Laura Pennacchietti

Open Access

8. Conclusion

Abstract
This chapter brings together all the argumentative treads developed in this book. By doing so, it maps key theoretical issues discussed in the individual chapters and shows how the arts contributed to the totalitarian project in general and to its anthropological revolution in particular. Finally, it argues for the importance of looking at the artistic and the political projects of the Ventennio as intertwined and mutually dependent.
Francesca Billiani, Laura Pennacchietti

Backmatter

Weitere Informationen