An Application Specific Inflexible FPGA (ASIF) is an FPGA with reduced flexibility that can implement a set of application circuits which will operate at mutually exclusive times. An ASIF that is reduced from a heterogeneous FPGA is called as a Heterogeneous-ASIF. A Heterogeneous-ASIF can contain hard-block such as Multipliers, Adders, RAMS or even smaller Gates. A set of application circuits are efficiently placed and routed to minimize total routing switches required by the heterogeneous FPGA architecture. Different floor-planning techniques are used to optimize the position of hard-blocks on the FPGA architecture. Later, all unused routing switches are removed from the FPGA to generate a Heterogeneous-ASIF. This work shows that a standard-cell based Heterogeneous-ASIF using Multipliers, Adders and Look-Up Tables for a set of 10 opencores application circuits is 85% smaller in area than a single-driver FPGA using the same type of blocks. This Heterogeneous-ASIF is only 24% larger than the sum of areas of their standard-cell based ASIC versions. If the Look-Up Tables are replaced by a set of repeatedly used hard logic gates (such as AND gate, OR gate, Flip- Flops etc), the ASIF becomes 89% smaller than the FPGA and 3% smaller than the sum of ASICs. The area gap between ASIF and sum of ASICs can be further reduced if repeatedly used groups of standard-cell logic gates in an ASIF are designed in full-custom. One of the major advantages of an ASIF is that just like an FPGA, an ASIF can also be reprogrammed to execute new or modified circuits, but at a very limited scale. A new CAD flow is presented to map application circuits on an ASIF.
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- ASIF using Heterogeneous Logic Blocks
- Springer New York
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