Weitere Kapitel dieses Buchs durch Wischen aufrufen
A regional assessment of well-being is carried out for 298 townships (administrative units below counties and above villages) in the Poyang Lake Region. First, flood hazard zones are mapped, using an innovative approach based on a digital elevation model, GIS data on levee distribution, and historical data on lake levels. Then measures of exposure and sensitivity at the township level are derived, combining land-use data interpreted from remote sensing images and a population distribution map with the flood hazard zones. Socioeconomic variables from the 2000 census are chosen to best represent the three aspects of development: health, literacy, and income. The assessment indicates that development in the PLR overall is highly exposed and sensitive to flooding risk. Sensitivity is closely related to (and perhaps bound by) exposure, with both rising in according with proximity to the lake. The development level, however, is more closely associated with degree of urbanization, and higher development levels are found in townships closer to county capitals. There are significant variations in different aspects of human well-being among the townships. I discuss different sustainable development pathways for several types of townships and implications for government interventions.
Bitte loggen Sie sich ein, um Zugang zu diesem Inhalt zu erhalten
Sie möchten Zugang zu diesem Inhalt erhalten? Dann informieren Sie sich jetzt über unsere Produkte:
Andreoli, R., Yesou, H., Li, J., & Desnos, Y. (2007). Synergy of low and medium resolution ENVISAT ASAR and optical data for lake watershed monitoring: Case study of Poyang Lake (Jiangxi, P.R. China). Paper Presented at ENVISAT Symposium 2007, Montreaux, Switzerland, April 2007.
Bhavsar, P. (1984). Review of remote sensing applications in hydrology and water sources management in India. Advances in Space Research, 4(11), 193–200. CrossRef
Bird Life International. (2000). Threatened birds of the world. Cambridge, UK: Bird Life Intl.
Correia, F. N., Rego, F. C., Saraiva, M. D. S., & Ramos, I. (1998). Coupling GIS with hydrologic and hydraulic flood modeling. Water Resources Management, 12, 229–249. CrossRef
Deutsch, M., Ruggles, F., Guss, P., & Yost, E. (1973). Mapping the 1973 Mississippi Floods from the Earth Resource Technology Satellites. Journal of the American Water Resources Association, 17, 39–55.
Dunne, T., & Leopold, L. B. (1978). Water in environmental planning. New York: W. H. Freeman.
Jiang, L. (2006). Flood risk and land use change in the wetland restoration area around Poyang Lake, China. Ph.D. dissertation, Institute of Geographic Science and Natural Resources Research, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing, China (in Chinese).
Jiang, L., Bergen, K. M., Brown, D. G., Zhao, T., Tian, Q., & Qi, S. (2008). Land-cover change and vulnerability to flooding near Poyang Lake, Jiangxi Province, China. Photogrammetric Engineering and Remote Sensing, 74(6), 775–786. CrossRef
Kanai, Y., Ueta, M., Germogenov, N., Nagendran, M., Mita, N., & Higuchi, H. (2002). Migration routes and important resting areas of Siberian Cranes. Biological Conservation, 106, 339–346. CrossRef
Liu, Y. B., & De Smedt, F. (2005). Flood modeling for complex terrain using GIS and remote sensed information. Water Resources Management, 19(5), 605–624. CrossRef
Millennium Development Goals (MDG). (2008). Retrieved from http://siteresources.worldbank.org/DATASTATISTICS/Resources/MDGsOfficialList2008.pdf.
Qi, S., Brown, D. G., Tian, Q., Jiang, L., Zhao, T., & Bergen, K. M. (2009). Inundation extent and flood frequency mapping using LANDSAT imagery and digital elevation models. GIScience and Remote Sensing, 46(1), 101–127. CrossRef
Rango, A., & Solomonson, V. V. (1974). Regional flood mapping from space. Water Resources Research, 10(3), 473–484. CrossRef
Tian, Q., Brown, D. G., Bao, S., & Qi, S. (2015). Assessing and mapping human well-being for sustainable development amid flood hazards: Poyang Lake Region of China. Applied Geography, 63, 66–76. CrossRef
UNDP. (1990–2014). Human development report. Retrieved from http://hdr.undp.org/en/global-reports.
Wang, Y., Colby, J. D., & Mulcahy, K. A. (2002). An efficient method for mapping flood extent in a coastal floodplain using Landsat TM and DEM data. International Journal of Remote Sensing, 23(18), 3681–3696. CrossRef
- Assessing Human Well-Being in the Poyang Lake Region
- Chapter 3