Weitere Artikel dieser Ausgabe durch Wischen aufrufen
The paper seeks to enrich the discussion of China’s power by critically engaging with existing literature on the topic, presenting a conceptual analysis of power, and suggesting a framework for future research. Firstly, it is shown that only a few scholarly publications approach China’s power in a more comprehensive and conceptually rigorous way, and even these still contain spaces for improvement. It is argued that the main fault of the existing literature on China’s power is confusion surrounding the concept of power. For this reason, secondly, the article presents a conceptual analysis of power and it puts forward a comprehensive framework suitable for analytical use in international relations. In this place, the article argues that an exhaustive assessment of state power should contain an analysis of state’s intentions, its sources of power on (at least) three analytical levels, and outcomes of interactions. Thirdly, an analysis of Chinese policies in the South China Sea is offered as an example of applying the framework to a concrete issue. Finally, the article identifies further directions for researching China’s power and foreign policy using the presented model of power.
Bitte loggen Sie sich ein, um Zugang zu diesem Inhalt zu erhalten
Sie möchten Zugang zu diesem Inhalt erhalten? Dann informieren Sie sich jetzt über unsere Produkte:
Friedberg, Aaron L. 1993. Ripe for rivalry: Prospects for Peace in a multipolar Asia. International Security 18 (3): 5–33. CrossRef
Mearsheimer, John J. 2010. The gathering storm: China’s challenge to US power in Asia. The Chinese Journal of International Politics 3 (4): 381–396. CrossRef
Ikenberry, G. John. 2013. East Asia and Liberal International Order: Hegemony, Balance, and Consent in the Shaping of East Asian Regional Order. In The Troubled Triangle. Economic and Security Concerns for the United States, Japan, and China, ed. Takashi Inoguchi and G. John Ikenberry, 13–33. New York: Palgrave Macmillan.
Chan, Steve. 2008. China, the U.S., and the power-transition theory: A critique. New York and London: Routledge.
Kang, David. 2007. China Rising. In Peace, power and order in East Asia. New York: Columbia University Press.
Nye, Joseph S. 2015. “The China Challenge,” Boston Globe, April 3. https://www.bostonglobe.com/opinion/2015/04/03/the-china-challenge/fCvYDdIwhtSjBctl0nfn3J/story.html
White, Hugh. 2005. The limits of optimism: Australia and the rise of China. Australian Journal of International Affairs 59 (4): 469–480. CrossRef
He, Kai. 2009. Institutional balancing in the Asia pacific. Economic interdependence and China’ rise. London and New York: Routledge.
Beckley, Michael. 2011. China’s century? Why America’s edge will endure. International Security 36 (3): 41–78. CrossRef
Sutter, Robert G. 2012. Chinese foreign relations: Power and policy since the cold war. Plymouth: Rowman & Littlefield Publishers.
Bates, G. 2010. Rising star: China's new security diplomacy. Washington: Brookings Institute Press.
Li, Rex. 2008. A rising China and security in East Asia: Identity construction and security discourse. London and New York: Routledge.
Wang, Zheng. 2012. Never forget National Humiliation. Historical memory in Chinese politics and foreign relations. New York: Columbia University Press.
Goldenziel, Jill. 2015., “International Law Is the Real Threat to China's South China Sea Claims.” The Diplomat, November 3. http://thediplomat.com/2015/11/international-law-is-the-real-threat-to-chinas-south-china-sea-claims/?utm_content=bufferee0cd&utm_medium=social&utm_source=facebook.com&utm_campaign=buffer.
Nathan, Andrew J., and Andrew Scobell. 2012. China’s search for security. New York: Columbia University Press.
Höhn, Karl Hermann. 2011. Geopolitics and the Measurement of National Power. Ph.D. Thesis, Germany: University of Hamburg. http://ediss.sub.uni-hamburg.de/volltexte/2014/6550/pdf/Dissertation.pdf.
Baldwin, David A. 1979. Power analysis and world politics: New trends versus old tendencies. World Politics 31 (2): 161–194. CrossRef
Baldwin, David A. 2013. Power and international relations. In Handbook of international relations, ed. Walter Carlsnaes, Thomas Risse, and Beth A. Simmons, 273–297. Thousand Oaks, CA: SAGE Publications. CrossRef
Breuning, Marijke. 2007. Foreign Policy Analysis. A Comparative Introduction. New York, Palgrave Macmillan.
Neack, Laura. 2008. The new foreign policy. Power Seeking in a Globalized Era. New York: Rowman & Littlefield Publishers.
Shambaugh, David. 2013. China Goes Global. The Partial Power. New York: Oxford University Press.
Christensen, Thomas J. 2015. The China challenge. Shaping the choices of a rising power. New York and London: W. W. Norton & Company.
Etzioni, Amitai. 1975. 1975. Comparative Analysis of Complex Organizations. New York: Free Press.
Chung, Jae Ho. 2015. Assessing China’s power. New York: Palgrave Macmillan.
Shirk, Susan L. 2007. China: A fragile superpower. How China’s Internal Politics Could Derail Its Peaceful Rise. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Johnston, Alastair Iain. 2017. Is Chinese nationalism rising? Evidence from Beijing. International Security 41 (3): 7–43. CrossRef
Johnston, Alastair Iain. 2003. Is China a status quo power? International Security 27 (4): 5–56. CrossRef
Beeson, Mark. 2009. Hegemonic transition in East Asia? The dynamics of Chinese and American power. Review of International Studies 35: 95–112. CrossRef
Huang, Shuofeng. 1991. Da Jiaoliang: Guoli Qiuli Lun. Hunan: Hunan Press.
Yan, Xuetong. 2006. The rise of China and its power status. Chinese Journal of Political Science 1 (5): 5–33.
Deng, Yong. 2008. China’s struggle for status. The Realignment of International Relations. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Sil, Rudra, and Peter J. Katzenstein. 2010. Beyond paradigms: Analytic eclecticism in the study of world politics. Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan. CrossRef
Bauman, Zygmunt. 2011. Collateral Damage . Social Inequalities in a Global Age. Cambridge: Polity Press.
King, Martin Luther. 1967. “Where Do We Go From Here?” Annual Report Delivered at the 11th Convention of the Southern Christian Leadership Conference, August 16, Atlanta. http://www-personal.umich.edu/~gmarkus/MLK_WhereDoWeGo.pdf
Nye, Joseph S. 1990. The changing nature of world power. Political Science Quarterly 105 (2): 177–192. CrossRef
Morriss, Peter. 2002. Power: A philosophical analyses. In Power: A reader, ed. Mark Haugaard, 278–303. Manchester and New York: Manchester University Press.
Finnemore, Martha, and Judith Goldstein. 2013. Back to basics: State power in a contemporary world. New York: Oxford University Press. CrossRef
D’Anieri, Paul. 2014. International politics. Power and Purpose in Global Affairs. Wadsforth: Cengage Learning.
Lukes, Steven. 2005. Power: A radical view. London: Palgrave. CrossRef
Dahl, Robert A. 1957. The concept of power. Behavioral Science 2 (3): 201–215. CrossRef
Pansardi, Pamela. 2012. Power to and power over: Two distinct concepts of power? Journal of Political Power 5 (1): 73-89.
Foucault, Michel. 2002. Power: Essential works of Foucault. London: Penguin.
Wohlforth, William C. 1987. The perception of power. Russia in the pre-1914 balance. World Politics 39 (3): 353–381. CrossRef
Singer, David J. 1961. The level-of-analysis problem in international relations. World Politics 14 (1): 77–92. CrossRef
Barnett, Michael, and Raymond Duvall. 2005. Power in global governance. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Berenskoetter, Felix. 2007. Thinking about Power. In Power in World Politics, ed. Felix Berenskoetter and Michael J. Williams, 1–22. New York: Routledge.
Nye, Joseph S. 2007. Notes for a soft-power research agenda. In Power in world politics, ed. Felix Berenskoetter and Michael J. Williams, 162–172. New York: Routledge.
Tellis, Ashley J., Janice Bially, Christopher Layne, Melissa McPherson, and Jerry M. Sollinger. 2000. Measuring National Power in the postindustrial age: Analyst's handbook. Santa Monica, CA: RAND Corporation http://www.rand.org/pubs/monograph_reports/MR1110z1.html.
Keohane, Robert, and Joseph S. Nye. 1977. Power and interdependence: World politics in transition. New York: Little, Brown and Company.
Hirschman, Albert O. 1945. National Power and the structure of foreign trade. Berkeley and Los Angeles: University of California Press.
Kaplan, Robert D. 2014. Asia's cauldron: The South China Sea and the end of a stable Pacific. New York: Random House.
Swaine, Michael D. 2011. “China’s Assertive Behavior Part One: On “Core Interests.”’ Stanford: Hoover Institute. http://media.hoover.org/sites/default/files/documents/CLM34MS.pdf.
Cronin, Patrick M., and Robert D. Kaplan. 2012. Cooperation from Strength: U.S. Strategy and the South China Sea. In Cooperation from Strength: U.S. Strategy and the South China Sea, ed. Patrick N. Cronin and Robert D. Kaplan. Washington D.C: CNAS http://www.cnas.org/files/documents/publications/CNAS_CooperationFromStrength_Cronin_1.pdf.
Wu, Shicun. 2013. Solving disputes for regional Cooperation and development in the South China Sea . A Chinese perspective. Cambridge: Chandos Publishing.
Hayton, Bill. 2014. The South China Sea . The Struggle for Power in Asia. New Haven and London: Yale University Press.
Yoshihara, Toshi. 2012. China’s vision of its seascape: The first island chain and Chinese Seapower. Asian Politics & Policy 4 (3): 293–314. CrossRef
Storey, Ian. 2012. China’s Bilateral and Multilateral Diplomacy in the South China Sea. In Cooperation from Strength: U.S. Strategy and the South China Sea, ed. Patrick N. Cronin and Robert D. Kaplan, 51–66. Washington D.C: CNAS http://www.cnas.org/files/documents/publications/CNAS_CooperationFromStrength_Cronin_1.pdf.
International Energy Association. 2014. Energy supply security. Country Profiles: China https://www.iea.org/media/freepublications/security/EnergySupplySecurity2014_China.pdf.
Friedberg, Aaron L. 2014. The sources of Chinese conduct: Explaining Beijing’s assertiveness. The Washington Quarterly 37 (4): 133–150. CrossRef
Luttwak, Edward N. 2012. The rise of China vs . The Logic of Strategy. Cambridge: Belknap Press.
Pew Research Center. 2015. Global Indicators Database: Opinion of China. http://www.pewglobal.org/database/indicator/24/.
Tiezzi, Shannon. 2015. “In the Philippines' South China Sea Case, Is International Law on Trial?” The Diplomat, 14 July. http://thediplomat.com/2015/07/in-the-philippines-south-china-sea-case-is-international-law-on-trial/
Chubb, Andrew. 2014. Exploring China’s “Maritime consciousness”. Public opinion on the south and East China Sea disputes. USAsia Center: Perth http://perthusasia.edu.au/usac/assets/media/docs/publications/2014_Exploring_Chinas_Maritime_Consciousness_Final.pdf.
Johnston, Alastair Iain. 2014. How new and assertive is China's new assertiveness? International Security 37 (4): 5–56.
Fravel, M. Taylor. s2012. “Maritime Security in the South China Sea and the Competition Over Maritime Rights.” In Cooperation from Strength: U.S. Strategy and the South China Sea, edited by Patrick N. Cronin and Robert D. Kaplan in Patrick N. Cronin and Robert D. Kaplan, 31–50. Washington D.C.: CNAS. https://s3.amazonaws.com/files.cnas.org/documents/CNAS_CooperationFromStrength_Cronin_1.pdf.
Storey, Ian. 2015. China’s Terraforming in the Spratlys: A Game Changer in the South China Sea? ISEAS perspective, Singapore, June 23. http://www.iseas.edu.sg/images/pdf/ISEAS_Perspective_2015_29.pdf
Rapp-Hooper, Mira. 2016. China's short-term victory in the South China Sea. Foreign Affairs (March 21) https://www.foreignaffairs.com/articles/china/2016-03-21/chinas-short-term-victory-south-china-sea.
Turcsányi, Richard Q. 2016. Contradiction of strategic goals as a major constrain of Chinese power in the South China Sea. In Territorial disputes in the South China Sea and a rising China, ed. Enrico Fels and Vu Truong. New York: Springer.
Rolland, Nadège. 2015. “China’s National Power: A colossus with iron or clay feet?” In Foundations of National Power in the Asia-Pacific. Strategic Asia 2015–2016 , edited by Ashley J. Tellis with Alison Szalwinski and Michael Wills, 23–56. Seattle and Wasghintgon, D.C.: The National Bureau of Asian Research.
Baldwin, David A. 1971. Money and power. Journal of Politics 33 (3): 578–614. CrossRef
Mearsheimer, John J. 2007. Structural Realism. In Theories, edited by Tim Dunne, Milja Kurki, and Steve smith, ed. International Relations, 77–93. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Deng, Yong, and Fei-Ling Wang. 2010. China rising: Power and motivation in Chinese foreign policy. Lanham: Rowman & Littlefield Publishers.
Hu, Angang, and Men Honghua Men. 2004 .“The rising of modern China: Comprehensive National Power and grand strategy." 'Rising China and the East Asian Economy' Korea Institute for International Economic Policy, 19-20 march, Seoul.
Lampton, David M. 2008. The three faces of Chinese power. Might, money, and minds. Berkeley: University of California Press.
- Assessing the Power of China: Insights from the Conceptual Thinking about Power
Richard Q. Turcsanyi
- Springer Netherlands
Neuer Inhalt/© Stellmach, Neuer Inhalt/© Maturus, Pluta Logo/© Pluta, digitale Transformation/© Maksym Yemelyanov | Fotolia