Weitere Kapitel dieses Buchs durch Wischen aufrufen
Geological risk as the qualitative or quantitative measure of geological hazard or a complex of hazards established for a certain object in the form of possible absolute or relative economic losses (damage) is the function of affecting hazard(s) value and the vulnerability of engineering structure. The georisk analysis in urban areas is usually aimed at the existing urban infrastructure, whereas assessment of geological risk for future construction appears to be a new approach in risk analysis. In urban areas, the risk of probable losses for a particular engineering structure in the course of its construction and operation may be comparatively analyzed for different types of engineering geological conditions distinguished in the area proceeding from the assessment of geological hazards that affect the engineering structures, since the vulnerability of engineering structure to these geological hazards is taken as constant in this case. Upon this approach, the qualitative characteristics of possible damage from geological hazards within the area with engineering geological conditions of a certain type serve as the risk index. According to the developed procedure, the map of geological risk upon the construction and operation of shallow (20 m deep) tunnels was compiled to a scale of 1:100,000 for the territory of Moscow. The possible damage was assessed proceeding from the analysis of such hazards as groundwater and quicksand outburst in the construction pit, suffusion, and karst-suffosion processes affecting the building structures. Very high geological risk arises upon the construction and running tunnels in water-saturated sandy ground, whereas the low risk is identified for the tunnels running in low-permeable Jurassic clay.
Bitte loggen Sie sich ein, um Zugang zu diesem Inhalt zu erhalten
Sie möchten Zugang zu diesem Inhalt erhalten? Dann informieren Sie sich jetzt über unsere Produkte:
Clayton, С. R. I. (2009). Urban site investigation. In M. G. Culshaw, H. J. Reeves, I. Jefferson, & T. W. Spink (Eds.), Engineering geology for tomorrow’s cities (Vol. 22, pp. 15–141). London., Engineering Geology Special Publication: Geological Society.
Kalsnes, B., Nadim, F., & Lacasse, S. (2010). Managing geological risk. Geologically active. In Williams et al. (Eds.), Proceedings of the 11th IAEG Congress, Auckland, New Zealand, 5–10 September 2010 (pp. 111–126). London: Taylor & Francis Group.
Knill, J. (2003). Core values: The first Hans-Cloos lecture. Bulletin of Engineering Geology and the Environment, 62(1), 1–34.
Koff, G. L., Likhacheva, E. A., & Timofeev, D. A. (2006). Geoecology of Moscow: Methodology and methods of assessing the urban environment state. Moscow: Media-Press (in Russian).
Marchiori-Faria, D. G., Ferreira, C. J., et al. (2006). Hazard mapping as part of civil defense preventive and contingency actions: A case study from Diadema, Brazil. In Engineering geology for tomorrow’s cities. IAEG 2006, 6–10 Sept. 2006, CD-rom, paper no. 4–154.
Mora, S. (2010). Disasters should not be protagonists of disaster risk. Geologically active. In Williams et al. (Eds.), Proceedings of the 11th IAEG Congress, Auckland, New Zealand, 5–10 September 2010 (pp. 89–110). London: Taylor & Francis Group.
Zhang, F., Yang Q., Jia, X., Liu, J., & Wang, B. (2006). Land-use optimization by geological hazard assessment in Nanjing City, China. In Engineering geology for tomorrow’s cities. IAEG 2006, 6–10 Sept. 2006, CD-rom, paper no. 4–324.
Golodkovskaya, G. A., & Lebedeva, N. I. (1984). Inzhenerno-geologicheskoe raionirovanie Moskvy (Engineering geological zoning of Moscow). Inzhenernaya Geologiya, 1984(3), 87–102 (in Russian).
Kozlyakova, I., Eremina, O., Anisimova, N., & Kozhevnikova, I. (2016). Study of geology and carboniferous roof topography upon engineering geological mapping of Moscow territory. In M. J. Eggers, J. S. Griffiths, S. Parry, & M. G. Culshaw (Eds.), Developments in engineering geology (Vol. 27, pp. 45–53). London., Engineering Geology Special Publication: Geological Society. https://doi.org/10.1144/EGSP27.4. CrossRef
Kozlyakova, I. V., Mironov, O. K., & Eremina, O. N. (2015). Engineering geological zoning of Moscow by the conditions for subsurface construction . In Proceedings 12th IAEG Congress, Turin, Italy (Vol. 5, pp. 923–926). Springer, 2015.
Kutepov, V. M., Anisimova, N. G., Eremina, O. N., Kozhevnikova, I. A., & Kozlyakova. (2011). The map of pre-quaternary deposits as a base for large-scale geological mapping of Moscow territory. Geoekologiya (Environmental Geoscience), 5, 399–411 (in Russian).
Osipov, V. I. (2014). Large-scale thematic geological mapping of Moscow area. In G. Lollino et al. (Eds.), Engineering geology for society and territory (Vol. 5, pp. 11–16). Switzerland: Springer International Publishing.
Osipov, V. I., & Medvedev, O. P. (Eds.). (1997). Moscow. Geology and the city. Moscow: Moskovskie uchebniki i kartolitografiya Publ (in Russian).
Osipov, V. I. (2008). Geological conditions of Moscow urban development. Moscow: ZAO Mir (in Russian).
Ragozin A. L., & Yolkin V. A. (2006). Geological risks, formation and assessment in urbanized areas in Russia. In Engineering geology for tomorrow’s cities. IAEG 2006, 6–10 Sept. 2006, CD-rom, paper no. 4–282.
Ragozin, A. L. (Ed.). (2003). Natural hazards of Russia. Assessment and management of natural risks. 2003. Topical vol (p. 320). Moscow: KRUK (in Russian).
- Assessment and Mapping Geological Risk for the Future Subsurface Linear Construction in Moscow
- Chapter 7
in-adhesives, MKVS, Hellmich GmbH/© Hellmich GmbH, Zühlke/© Zühlke, Neuer Inhalt/© momius | stock.adobe.com