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Über dieses Buch

This book reviews the manufacturing processes of different shopping bags used for grocery purposes, life cycle impacts, modelling of life cycle impacts, carbon and eco-footprints in different countries, consumption of shopping bags in different countries, consumer behaviour of shopping bags in various countries and its relation to eco-impact, assessment of functionality of shopping bags, concept and framework of eco-functional assessment of shopping bags, biodegradation of shopping bags, etc.

Inhaltsverzeichnis

Frontmatter

Chapter 1. Basic Introduction to Shopping Bags and Eco-Functional Assessment of Shopping Bags

Abstract
No product’s life cycle starts and ends without leaving its impact on our living planet. Manufacturing, consumption and disposal of every product create environmental impacts. Degree of environmental impacts varies from product to product and it is largely influenced by many factors, among them the useful life of a product deserves significant importance.
Subramanian Senthilkannan Muthu, Yi Li

Chapter 2. Manufacturing Processes of Grocery Shopping Bags

Abstract
For the products which do not last long or the products which do not create impacts in the use phase in their total life cycle, the manufacturing sequence or the process of manufacture would be a chunk in contributing towards major environmental impacts.
Subramanian Senthilkannan Muthu, Yi Li

Chapter 3. Life Cycle Assessment of Grocery Shopping Bags

Abstract
Any product produced on earth, including shopping bags begin their journey after depletion of enormous resources and its associated environmental impacts. From the beginning of life cycle till the product is disposed, every product is responsible to create many vulnerable impacts on our living planet. Degree of impacts vary between different products depending on many factors such as type of raw materials used, employment of renewable or non-renewable materials to produce them, length of supply chain link involved in the entire production process, energy requirement, demand of different consumables, and very importantly the length of life. These factors influence the environmental impacts created by various grocery bags namely plastic, paper, nonwoven and woven bags. Magnitude of environmental impacts is different between single and reusable shopping bags, due to the difference in the points discussed above. This chapter reviews the concepts of life cycle and the study of life cycle assessment of various shopping bags used for grocery shopping.
Subramanian Senthilkannan Muthu, Yi Li

Chapter 4. Assessment of Functional Aspects of Shopping Bags

Abstract
Functionality of a product is the key factor in deciding its performance for the application/s for which it is being intended. Functionality plays a vital role in life cycle assessment or environmental impact considerations, since functionality is the base on which the useful life of a product is decided. The functional properties/aspects of a product can be defined as the properties related to the function of that particular product for which it is intended.
Subramanian Senthilkannan Muthu, Yi Li

Chapter 5. Consumption Behaviour of Shopping Bags and Eco-Impact

Abstract
Consumption behaviour plays a vital role in deciding the eco-impact made by consumer products. In the life cycle assessment, consumer behaviour plays a key role in deciding the potential impacts from gate to grave stages. Consumption behaviour lies purely in the hands of consumers and it is mainly driven by the functionality and ecological properties of a particular product.
Subramanian Senthilkannan Muthu, Yi Li

Chapter 6. End-of-Life Assessment of Grocery Shopping Bags

Abstract
Management of solid waste is one of the nightmares faced by environmental scientists and governments. The issue of solid waste is aggravated by products which are regarded as a symbol of throwaway society such as shopping bags. Disposal of shopping bags is paid much attention by different parties such as public, government and environmentalists, since shopping bags made out of plastic materials do not biodegrade and they take a very long period to decompose.
Subramanian Senthilkannan Muthu, Yi Li

Chapter 7. Eco-Functional Assessment of Grocery Shopping Bags

Abstract
This chapter deals with the crux of this book, i.e. eco-functional assessment. As discussed earlier, eco-functional assessment includes the consideration of both ecological and functional properties on a single platform. This comprehensive assessment requires the details pertaining to entire life cycle phases of a product, as discussed in previous chapters from cradle to grave stages. This chapter includes the details of the concept of eco-functional assessment, framework developed for eco-functional assessment, modelling and simulation of eco-functional assessment.
Subramanian Senthilkannan Muthu, Yi Li

Chapter 8. Conclusions

Abstract
Grocery shopping bags are one of the important entities in our daily lives. A wide array of raw materials and different manufacturing techniques are utilized to manufacture grocery shopping bags. Plastic (LDPE and HDPE), paper, cotton woven bags, polypropylene and polyester non-woven bags form the important grocery bag types.
Subramanian Senthilkannan Muthu, Yi Li

Backmatter

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