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The transport sector has increased GHG emissions making it the second largest emitter in the EU after the energy generation sector. Given its share in total GHG emissions, the transport sector plays a critical role in the mitigation efforts required by the Paris Agreement on Climate Change. Fuel taxation can be used to internalize externalities, including those linked to fuel use as GHG emissions and local air pollution. Road transport policies have relied on fuel efficiency standards. A major outcome of this option was the prevailing preferential tax treatment for diesel fuel. This paper aims to assess the potential of fuel tax reforms to deal with carbon emissions from road transport in some EU countries. For this purpose, the Value-Based Data Envelopment Analysis method is used to obtain robust conclusions in face of sources of uncertainty. The adjustment of diesel excise tax levels towards gasoline taxation levels as well as the potential effects of introducing a carbon content-based tax on both diesel and gasoline are studied. The performance evaluation identifies the countries exhibiting the best practices. This approach offers decision makers the possibility to incorporate their priorities in appraising fuel tax policies considering uncertain factors to obtain robust conclusions.
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- Assessment of Fuel Tax Policies to Tackle Carbon Emissions from Road Transport—An Application of the Value-Based DEA Method Including Robustness Analysis
Maria do Castelo Gouveia
- Chapter 9
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