Weitere Kapitel dieses Buchs durch Wischen aufrufen
The main goal of the article is to present diversified roles of government in case of different economies, which nowadays play big role in the global economy. For this purpose, a general concept of the role of government in economy is illustrated, after which the variances and similarities of state interventionism in the United States, Germany, Japan and China are presented. The article presents an evaluation of state activity in the studied countries, using inter alia The Global Competitiveness Report, World Competitiveness Report and Human Development Index. Main research methods are comparative analysis and historical case studies used to present role of government in studied countries. The analysis shows a clear gap between market economies and state capitalism. China is being classified as efficient-driven economy, as opposed to the USA, Germany and Japan, which are classified under innovation-driven economies. China records good score for economic performance, but government and business efficiency are assessed poorly. The greatest challenges for the Chinese economy are: limited access to financing, inflation, policy instability, inefficient government bureaucracy and corruption. Summarizing China accomplishes good results in terms of economic indicators, but the economy is inefficient and doesn’t achieve the social goal of providing a good quality of life.
Bitte loggen Sie sich ein, um Zugang zu diesem Inhalt zu erhalten
Sie möchten Zugang zu diesem Inhalt erhalten? Dann informieren Sie sich jetzt über unsere Produkte:
Clyne, J. (2010). The Chinese economic miracle: A triumph for capitalism or the planned economy? [online] Accessed September 14, 2014, from http://www.karlmarx.net/china-1/thechineseeconomicmiracle
Conklin, D. W. (1991). Comparative economic systems: Objectives, decision modes, and the process of choice. Calgary, AB: University of Calgary Press.
Giersch, H., Paqué, K. H., & Schmieding, H. (1992). The fading miracle: Four decades of market economy in Germany. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. CrossRef
Gregory, P. R., & Stuart, R. C. (2004). Comparing economic systems in the twenty-first century (7th ed.). Stamford, CT: South-Western Cengage Learning.
Imagawa, E. (1993). The role of government in economic development—An Asian view. The Soka Economic Studies Quarterly, 22(4), 35–50.
IMD World Competitiveness Center. (2015). World Competitiveness Yearbook. [online] Accessed September 14, 2015, from http://www.imd.ch/research/publications/wcy/index.cfm
Kerber, W., & Hartig, S. (1999). The rise and fall of the German miracle. Critical Review, 13, 337–358. CrossRef
Leftwich, A. (1994). The developmental state (Working Paper No. 6). University of York.
Lipford, J. W., & Slice, J. (2007, December 10). The role of government in modern U.S. society: What would Adam Smith say? The independent. [online] Accessed September 14, 2015, from http://www.independent.org/newsroom/article.asp?id=2085
Moore, S. (1993). The growth of government in America. [online] Accessed March 10, 2015, from https://fee.org/articles/the-growth-of-government-in-america/
North, D. C., Higgs, R., Libecap, G. D., Wallis, J. J., Engerman, S. L., Hummel, J. R., La Croix, S. J., Margo, R. A., McGuire, R. A., Sylla, R., Alston, L. J., Ferrie, J. P., Guglielmo, M., Pasour, E. C., Rucker, R. R., & Troesken, W. (2007). A new history. Government and the American economy. Chicago: The University of Chicago Press.
Peacock, A., & Willgerodt, H. (Eds.). (1989). Germany’s social market economy: Origins and evolution. Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan.
Saich, T. (2001). The changing role of the state in reform China. [online] Accessed March 10, 2016, from http://www.hks.harvard.edu/fs/asaich/ChangingRoleoftheStateinReformChina.pdf
Sala-i-Martin, X., & Artadi, E. V. (2004). The global competitiveness index, the Global Competitiveness Report 2004-2005. Hampshire: Palgrave Macmillan.
Schwab, K. (ed.). (2012) . The Global Competitiveness Report 2012-2013. Geneva: World Economic Forum. [online] Accessed September 14, 2015, from http://www3.weforum.org/docs/WEF_GlobalCompetitivenessReport_2012-13.pdf
Skulski, P. (2011). Competitiveness of economies in the Asia-Pacific region. Selected problems. Wroclaw: Publishing House of Wroclaw University of Economics.
United Nations Development Programme. (2013). Human Development Report 2013. [online] Accessed September 14, 2015, from http://hdrstats.undp.org/images/explanations/DEU.pdf
Walton, G. M., & Rockoff, H. (2010). History of American economy. Mason, OH: South-Western Cengage Learning.
Wang, S. (1995). Learning by debating: The changing role of the state in China’s economy and economics theories. Policy Studies Journal, 23(1), 11–25. CrossRef
Watrin, C. (1979). The principles of the social market economy—Its origins and early history. Zeitschrift für die gesamte Staatswissenschaft, 135, 405–425.
Witt, U. (2002). Germany’s “social market economy”: Between social ethos and rent seeking. The Independent Review, 6(3), 365–375.
- Assessment of Government Activity in the Economy: USA–Germany–Japan–China
Neuer Inhalt/© Stellmach, Neuer Inhalt/© Maturus, Pluta Logo/© Pluta