This chapter notes that the main leading factors disturbing the vegetation cover of Kazakhstan’s sand deserts cause different degrees of anthropogenic transformation. Methods for mapping anthropogenic successions and forecasting vegetation dynamics are discussed. A series of maps has been made to reflect the modern state and extent of anthropogenic transformation of the psammophytic vegetation: maps of modern vegetation, potential vegetation, anthropogenic transformation of vegetation, pastures, intensity of pasture use, desertification, and anthropogenic dynamics of vegetation.
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- Assessment of the Modern State of Sand—Desert Vegetation in Kazakhstan
Gulbarshin K. Bizhanova
- Springer Berlin Heidelberg
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