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01.04.2014 | Original paper | Ausgabe 2/2014

Geotechnical and Geological Engineering 2/2014

Assessments of Strength Anisotropy and Deformation Behavior of Banded Amphibolite Rocks

Zeitschrift:
Geotechnical and Geological Engineering > Ausgabe 2/2014
Autoren:
Esamaldeen Ali, Wu Guang, Zhao zhiming, Jiang Weixue

Abstract

Assessment of strength anisotropy in transversely isotropic rocks has been one of the most challenging subjects in rock engineering. However, far too little attention has been paid to banded amphibolite rocks. This study aim to evaluate strength and deformation anisotropy behavior of banded amphibolite rocks. The dynamic mechanical tests including ultrasonic pulse test, uniaxial compressive strength, Brazilian test and deformability test were performed on drilled rock samples as a function of foliation plane angle (β = 0°, 30°, 60° and 90°). The results obtained have shown that the dynamic mechanical properties of amphibolite rocks have different values concerning banding plane. Compression and shear waves taken parallel to the foliation plane show highest values than those obtained in the other directions. Under uniaxial test, the banded amphibolite has a U-shaped anisotropy with maximum strength at β = 90° and minimum strength is obtained when β = 30°. Strength anisotropic index ranges between 0.96 and 1.47. It seems that the high range value of anisotropic index is mainly due to slight undulation of foliation planes, that being not perfectly straight. The results of elastic deformation test show that there is no clear dependence on microstructures characteristics of subtype-amphibolite rocks that controlling modulus “shape-anisotropy”. However, in this study, Young modulus values of amphibolite rocks with β follow both types of shape-anisotropy, “U-shape” and “decreased order-shaped”. Thus, this study recommended that further research be undertaken regarding the role of modulus “shape-anisotropy” within the same lithotype.

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