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International wine trade is influenced by barriers which are relevant elements of the global wine market’s institutional setting. Trade barriers result from customs tariffs or from policy measures that can potentially have an economic effect on international trade quantity and direction of flows; such policy measures are classified in technical measures, non-technical measures, and export measures. In the wine market the impact of tariff barriers is rather small, despite not negligible; while non-tariff measures have an higher impact on flows and wine exporters have actively negotiated with importing countries’ preferential trade agreements to lower barriers. Scientific studies demonstrate the discriminatory effect of such preferential agreements and the heterogeneous impacts on trade of technical measures. Considering the current tensions in international relations, it is high the risk of a raising of barriers to trade in the next future; it is therefore urgent the empowerment of institutions, like International Organisation of Vine and Wine (OIV), in charge for harmonization of definitions and rules in wine production and trade.
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- Barriers to Wine Trade
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