Weitere Kapitel dieses Buchs durch Wischen aufrufen
With respect to the history of the American Professional Football Association (APFA) during 1920–1921 and National Football League (NFL) from 1922 to 1932 and thereafter, some franchise owners moved their teams from a city in a metropolitan area to another for demographic, economic, and sport-specific reasons. These include such things as apathetic hometown sports fans, weak support from local businesses and other organizations, and a team’s poor performances in regular seasons, low attendances at its home games, and too much debt and/or not enough revenue from operations.
Bitte loggen Sie sich ein, um Zugang zu diesem Inhalt zu erhalten
Sie möchten Zugang zu diesem Inhalt erhalten? Dann informieren Sie sich jetzt über unsere Produkte:
This and the next two chapters exclude NFL team movements within a city, short distances from a city or town in a metropolitan area to another city or town in the same area, short distances within a city-suburb, and before a team joined the league.
References for this chapter’s contents include such books as Jozsa and Guthrie (1999); Jozsa (2010); Peterson (1997); King (1994); Quirk and Fort (1992). The league’s history is in the Official 2013 NFL Record & Fact Book (New York, NY: National Football League, 2013), and “History of NFL Franchises, 1920–Present” at http://www.profootballhof.com cited 19 November 2013.
For recent financial data of NFL franchises including the Chicago Bears, see Kurt Badenhausen, Michael Ozanian, and Christina Settimi, “NFL Team Values: The Business of Football” at http://www.forbes.com cited 2 December 2013.
Organized by C.C. Pyle and Red Grange in 1926, the first American Football League (AFL) played one season. Although the new league started with nine teams and its initial game played before 22,000 fans in Cleveland, Ohio, at the end of the season only four teams were still in existence. These included the Chicago Bulls, Los Angeles Wildcats, New York Yankees, and the league champion Philadelphia Quakers, each owned or subsidized by Pyle and Grange. Most AFL games were defensive affairs with only the Yankees and Cleveland Panthers averaging more than ten points per contest. While the Quakers and Yankees consistently played before crowds of at least 20,000 per game, other teams were not so fortunate. Competing against the NFL’s Brooklyn Lions, the Brooklyn Horsemen quit operating in November 1926 and merged with the Lions. As the AFL decreased in size during October and November, so did attendances in Philadelphia for the Quakers, the only team reported to earn a profit. Two weeks after clinching the championship, the Quakers played an exhibition game against the NFL’s seventh-place New York Giants in a driving snowstorm at the Polo Grounds. Only 5,000 fans witnessed the home team’s 31–0 whitewash of the AFL titlists. While the Yankees and Wildcats went on a barnstorming tour after the 1926 season, the other AFL teams folded their operations. For more information about the AFC in 1926, see such sources as Pay Dirt, 434–435 and King (1993).
At a special meeting in Cleveland on April 23, 1927, NFL President Joe Carr decided to secure the league’s future by eliminating the financially weaker teams and consolidating the quality players onto a limited number of more successful teams. The new-look NFL dropped 12 teams, and the center of gravity of the league left the Midwest and began to emerge in the large cities of the East. See the Official 2013 NFL Record and Fact Book (New York, NY: National Football League, 2013), 355.
Regarding the size of their home markets before and after they relocated, 6 or 75 % of the APFA-NFL teams moved to larger metropolitan areas. According to data in Table A4 of Appendix A, these clubs prior to relocation included the Staleys in 1921, Bulldogs in 1928, Maroons in 1929, Triangles and Tornadoes in 1930, and the Tornadoes again in 1932. In contrast to them, the Maroons in 1924 and Kelleys in 1929 left from more-to-less populated metropolitan areas. Thus, the only remaining clubs playing their home games in very small areas during the 1933 NFL season were the Green Bay Packers and Portsmouth Spartans.
- Before 1933
Frank P. Jozsa Jr.
Neuer Inhalt/© Stellmach, Neuer Inhalt/© Maturus, Pluta Logo/© Pluta