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Über dieses Buch

From the cross-disciplinary perspective of urban management and planning, geography and architecture, this book explores the theory and methods of urban memory, selecting Beijing's historic buildings, historic areas, central areas and city walls as research cases. It is divided into three parts: factors analysis, modeling and practical application. It lays a scientific foundation and provides practical methods for the management of historical spaces, residents’ and commercial activities, optimizing the layout and structure of the historic spaces, updating the protection of old buildings, promoting the organic growth of historic sites and the sustainable development of urbanization with new concepts.



Chapter 1. Theory Study of Urban Memory

The dictionary definition of “memory” is the faculty by which the mind stores and remembers information. Memory is naturally place–oriented or at least place–supported.
Fang Wang

Chapter 2. Point Space: Measurement of the Urban Memory of Historic Buildings

Rapid and large-scale urban construction results in the increasingly similar appearance of urban landscapes and the demolition of many historic buildings that once existed in people’s memories but that now are making way for commercial development.
Fang Wang

Chapter 3. Plane Space: Measurement of the Urban Memory of Historic Areas

Historic areas, as the typical areas to carry, record and present the urban memory, reflect the diversity of social life and culture and also contain urban historical and landscape characteristics in many respects of the natural, artificial and humanistic environments (Zhang 2008).
Fang Wang

Chapter 4. Linear Space: Measurement of the Urban Memory of Central Axes

In the city, by spanning different urban areas with different functions, linear space is formed by connecting material heritage and immaterial heritage, both of which contain some historical and cultural evidence. The central axes and city walls in urban spatial structures are typically linear spaces. How significant is it to protect and construct axes and city walls, which are of great importance in city development, to maintain the urban memory of Beijing? Can protection and construction play a useful role in the conservation of the history and culture of Beijing? These questions are extremely important to the future construction of Beijing. The study of urban memory concerning these two types of “linear space” will be discussed the next two chapters.
Fang Wang

Chapter 5. Linear Space: Measurement of the Urban Memory of City Walls

City walls are the general term for the city walls and the city gates. Ancient city walls are typically linear space elements of Beijing that represent the transformation of the urban form over the past 800 years and have greatly influenced the memory of the entire city. Beijing’s city walls are part of the urban memory, so the study of their historical changes and updated condition plays an important role.
Fang Wang

Chapter 6. The Existence of a City Depends on Memory

In one of the most important books in the study of urban theory, The City in History, the famous American urban theorist and sociologist Lewis Mumford (1961) mentioned that the existence of a city depends on memory. Urban memory is the collective impression of the formation, change, and development of a city.
Fang Wang


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