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Über dieses Buch

This book examines the principles and procedures implemented by Moses for developing leaders. Using Exodus 18 as the basis, the author explores how leadership skills are best developed in small group settings. The author then delves into contemporary leadership principles, such as authentic leadership, and how organizations can develop leaders at every level of the organization. Issues such as accountability, ethics, and trust will be discussed at length, with an examination of the expected outcomes of training leaders at all levels. This book will be a valuable addition to the leadership literature in showing how biblical leadership principles can be used in contemporary organizations.



Chapter 1. Introduction

The complex phenomenon of leadership is examined in detail within this chapter. A contemporary problem of leadership—selfism—remains promoted and practiced producing distrust, dissatisfaction, and disunity. The multifaceted phenomenon of leadership development is discussed which involves complex contextual elements including the social, cultural, and organizational environment (Barentsen in Emerging Leadership in the Pauline Mission: A Social Identity Perspective on Local Leadership Development in Corinth and Ephesus, Pickwick Publications, Eugene, OR, 2011; Day, Fleenor, Atwater, Sturm, & McKee in Advances in Leader and Leader Development: A Review of 25 Years of Research and Theory. The Leadership Quarterly, 25(1), 63–82, 2013). Also details concerning the importance of culture, more specifically, leadership behavior analogous toward local culturally aspects are revealed (Barentsen in Emerging Leadership in the Pauline Mission: A Social Identity Perspective on Local Leadership Development in Corinth and Ephesus, Pickwick Publications, Eugene, OR, 2011; Dorfman, Javidan, Hanges, Dastmalchian, & House in GLOBE: A Twenty Year Journey into the Intriguing World of Culture and Leadership. Journal of International Business Studies,2012; Northouse, 2013; Yukl in Leadership in Organizations (8th ed.), Pearson Education Inc, Bergan, NJ, 2013). This important aspect points toward the organizational multigenerational concern—the moral decline within the United States negatively effecting organizations, teams, small groups, family, individuals, and leadership particularly relating to belief in God, the Sacred Scriptures and the evidence and consequences therein. Further, Leadership development—biblically termed discipleship—is examined followed by an examination of small groups, and the needful application of biblical leadership development, including leadership principles and Moses.
Stuart W. Boyer

Chapter 2. Aspects of Leadership

This chapter advances the scholarly exploration towards the leadership components while seeking to integrate the literature toward illuminating connecting associations and principles involving leadership development, authentic leadership, and small group leadership. In this chapter, five distinct elements are examined: (a) leadership development, (b) authentic leadership, (c) spiritual leadership, (d) small group leadership principles, (e) The leadership of Moses. Leadership development is examined corresponding toward social identity model of leadership (SIMOL), which concerns aspects of group clichés or in grouping (Barentsen in Emerging Leadership in the Pauline Mission: A Social Identity Perspective on Local Leadership Development in Corinth and Ephesus. Pickwick Publications, Eugene, OR, 2011). Then comes an analysis of trust within organizations, specifically leader–subordinate relations. Subsequently, the development of the Authentic Leadership (AL) model is examined including AL principles (Avolio, Gardner, Walumbwa, Luthans, & May in The Leadership Quarterly 15: 801–823, 2004; Northouse, 2013). Aspects of Spiritual Leadership (SL) are discussed and evaluated (Benefiel in The Leadership Quarterly 16: 723–747, 2005; Fry in The Leadership Quarterly 14: 693-727, 2003; Howard in Journal of Managerial Psychology 17: 230–242, 2002; Kriger & Seng, 2005). Additionally, aspects of small group leadership are examined (Arrow, McGrath, & Berdahl, 2000; Comiskey in 2000 Years Of Small Groups: A History Of Cell Ministry In The Church. CSC Publishing, Moreno Valley, CA, 2014; Gillette & McCollom in Groups in context: A new perspective on group dynamics. University Press of America, Lanham, MD, 1995; Icenogle in Biblical Foundations For Small Group Ministry, InterVarsity Press, Grove, IL, 1994; Neighbour in Where Do We Go From Here: A Guidebook For The Cell Group Church. Touch Publications, Houston, TX, 2000) and finally the leadership of Moses is examined (Fretheim, 1991; Janzen in Exodus. Herald Press, Waterloo, ON and Scottdale, PA, 2000; Kaiser 1990; Motyer in The Expositor’s Bible Commentary, Zondervan Publishing House, Grand Rapids, MI, 1979; Pink in Gleanings in Exodus. Moody Press, Chicago, 1962; Stuart, 2006).
Stuart W. Boyer

Chapter 3. Hermeneutics and the Exegetical Method

The chapter details the method of research employed. This research embraces the employment of various elements of qualitative, phenomenological, exegetical and hermeneutical approaches toward document analysis. The method employs sociorhetorical criticism, which involves a four-arena approach to interpreting Scripture; inner texture, intertexture, social and cultural texture, ideological texture in exegetical interpretation and sacred texture analysis in exegetical interpretation (Robbins in The Tapestry of Early Christian Discourse: Rhetoric, Society and Ideology. Routledge, New York, 1996a). The significance of this study concerns reporting accurately with trustworthiness and authenticity the ability toward researching, analyzing, with neutrality, the effect of providing insights from Exodus 18 toward leaders, specifically the small group leadership selection and development. The leadership principles mined through this study are correlated to contemporary leadership theories, specifically AL and SL theories. Moreover, the sociorhetorical analysis employed is guided by the admonitions of Scripture (Duet. 12:32; Prov. 30:6; 2 Tim. 2:15; 1 Peter 3:16; Rev. 22:18–19) and scholars alike (Osborne in he Hermeneutical Spiral. Inter Varsity Press, Downers Grove, IL, 2006; Ramm in Protestant Biblical Interpretation. Baker Book House, Grand Rapids, MI, 1984; Vanhoozer, 2009).
Stuart W. Boyer

Chapter 4. Leadership Principles in Exodus 18

This chapter provides a detailed analysis of Exodus 18, including aspects of author and date (Cassuto in A Commentary on the Book of Exodus, Magnes Press, Jerusalem, 1997; Cole in Exodus: An Introduction and Commentary, InterVarsity Press, Downers Grove, IL, 1973; Enns in Exodus, Zondervan, Grand Rapids, MI, 2000; Kaiser, 1990). Due to the focus of this research (leadership, small group leadership) it is unlike any other detailed analysis of Exodus 18. This chapter includes historical aspects of the leadership of Ambrose of Milan (339–397). More particularly, the research reveals Ambrose’s leadership within small groups. The chapter includes two main elements, historicity concerning pastoral functions and the development of the pastoral care; specifically concerning small group leadership. Some of the developing themes within this section include (a) humility, (b) remaining teachable, (c) personal development, (d) intimacy with God, (e) deliverance (f) relational, (g) delegation, (h) selection, (i) personal ability, (j) the fear of God, (k) trustworthiness, (l) cognitive, (m) moral, (n) hating a bribe, or covetousness (o) leader development, (p) obedience to God (q) discipleship, (r) family unity, and (s) trust.
Stuart W. Boyer

Chapter 5. Small Groups and Leader Personal Development

This chapter reveals aspect of small group leadership development—detailing the results minded through sociorhetorical analysis—specifically the leadership values and practices of Moses through Exodus 18. The chapter focuses on the leadership principles of Moses, leadership development, and the decision-making of leaders at every level of an organization. The section implements organizational behavior theories on decision-making toward the leader’s spiritual formation and practice of embracing Biblical principles. The focus of this chapter concerns the betterment of the reader, and leader involving seven values from Scripture toward the spiritual formation of organizational leaders involving decision-making. The seven values concern, (a) confidence in Christ, (b) serving others, (c) integrity (d) teachable, (e) humility, (f) ready to empower, and (g) altruistic.
Stuart W. Boyer

Chapter 6. The Development and Proliferation of Trust in Small Groups

The chapter affirms necessary reciprocal dyadic trust as a fundamental aspect among leader/follower relations—through the view of Moses in Exodus 18. An essential staple within reveals that the faithfulness of God provides toward the faithfulness of those transformed into the image of Jesus, therefore faithfulness and trustworthiness follow. The research supports the theories that trust between leader/follower remains beneficial toward personnel, leader, and organizational betterment. This chapter provides research, which concerns an evaluation of organizational trust among collectivist and individualist cultures. This research specifically reveals differences in collectivist versus individualist cultures. This is supported through studies involving social identity, Organizational Citizen Behavior (OCB), and reciprocal dyadic trust.
Stuart W. Boyer

Chapter 7. Connection with God and the Small Group Leader

This chapter provides historical accounts concerning leadership functions and the development of spiritual care; specifically concerning small group leadership. This section provides essential supplemental resources and support toward empirical studies of small group leadership and developing leaders at every level of an organization. The essential resources revealed within include reasoning why biblical principles provide greater support toward spiritual formation of leaders enhancing small group leadership, and leadership development. Support is provided toward the betterment of the leaders/followers relationship in connection with spiritual formation, including aspects of prayer, fasting, and other spiritual disciplines.
Stuart W. Boyer

Chapter 8. Small Group Leaders and the Betterment of the Family

The chapter focuses on the organization as an honest, loving, trusting family embracing cohesiveness and unity. This chapter highlights reasons why small group’s leaders essentially provide toward the betterment of the family. Due to positive relationship of trust within organizations, trust remains an essential goal for the organizational leader. This section reveals aspects of leadership theory, including Authentic Leadership theory (AL) Spiritual Leadership Theory (SL) and Ethical leadership theories, connecting the necessity of trusting leader/follower relationships. A recent consultation and organizational diagnosis of an ecclesial organization experiencing challenges in cross-cultural communication and leadership provides examples of the betterment of the organization and individuals embracing cohesiveness and unity. This likewise provides insights from a theological perspective on leadership toward the proposal for the leader(s) of the organization.
Stuart W. Boyer

Chapter 9. Conflict Reduction and Peace Multiplication

The final chapter details aspects of conflict reduction and peace multiplication. The results of mining Exodus 18 reveal Moses providing leadership development and discipleship toward followers, which takes place through a social atmosphere akin to a loving, trusting, functional family. The element of trust is employed, which remains a central factor, particularly within the focus and complexities of group life. Another factor considered is individual identity as related to group life, adding toward the complexity of group life. The result of theses factors is often group conflict. Group conflict need not remain a destructive force, but rather a force for good. Finally a single-shot case study is included, which is a report of leadership/follower findings, specifically that of ethical leader/follower relations. The case study employed a qualitative phenomenological approach toward ethical leader followership to explain insider perspective and practice concerning trust, the outcome including conflict reduction and peace multiplication.
Stuart W. Boyer

Chapter 10. Conclusion

The complete text throughout Exodus 18 was mined and examined through sociorhetorical analysis, toward understanding leadership principles as revealed through the text. The study produced 22 themes, which remain noteworthy toward leadership. The 22 themes were then classified into five leadership principles. The five principles include (a) small groups and leader personal development, (b) the development and proliferation of trust in small groups, (c) connection with God and the small group leader, (d) small group leaders and the betterment of the family, and (e) conflict reduction and peace multiplication.
Stuart W. Boyer


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