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While modern notion of progress was destructive to nature, the rich biodiversity materials and knowledge have been preserved by people practicing traditional lifestyle. Today, efforts are being made to preserve, promote, and ethically share their knowledge. In this chapter, we describe four different cases to bring out varieties of challenges these efforts meet. The first is a celebrated case of scientists approaching with due respect the Kani scheduled tribe community to learn and share their indigenous knowledge. The second is an organized effort to preserve, maintain, and promote application of traditional medicinal knowledge, innovations, and practices of local communities. The third case is that of protection, production, and marketing of basmati rice after the infamous dispute between India and USA in the 1990s was settled. The fourth is a case of application and marketing of traditional knowledge of biodiversity processing in the form of cosmetics and perfumes. The case studies in this chapter bring out the merits and limits of the legal and institutional structures adopted by India.
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- Biodiversity and Genetic Resources
- Springer India
- Chapter 4
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