Bioinformatics applications represent the increasingly important workloads. Their characteristics and implications on the underlying hardware design, however, are largely unknown. Currently, biological data processing ubiquitously relies on the high-end systems equipped with expensive, general-purpose processors. The future generation of bioinformatics requires the more flexible and cost-effective computing platforms to meet its rapidly growing market. The programmable, application-specific embedded systems appear to be an attractive solution in terms of easy of programming, design cost, power, portability and time-to-market. The first step towards such systems is to characterize bioinformatics applications on the target architecture. Such studies can help in understanding the design issues and the trade-offs in specializing hardware and software systems to meet the needs of bioinformatics market. This paper evaluates several representative bioinformatics tools on the VLIW based embedded systems. We investigate the basic characteristics of the benchmarks, impact of function units, the efficiency of VLIW execution, cache behavior and the impact of compiler optimizations. The architectural implications observed from this study can be applied to the design optimizations. To the best of our knowledge, this is one of the first such studies that have ever been attempted.
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- Bioinformatics on Embedded Systems: A Case Study of Computational Biology Applications on VLIW Architecture
- Springer Berlin Heidelberg
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